Civil Rights and Social Justice Essay Example

  • Category:
    History
  • Document type:
    Article
  • Level:
    Masters
  • Page:
    1
  • Words:
    439

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964

The Significance of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Significance of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is largely considered as a significant and genuine landmark that was ever made in the twentieth century. As Vitulli (2010) postulates, it was the most significant legislation that Congress ever passed in the twentieth century. In effect, this paper will discuss the significance of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 by providing evidence as well as a specific example that supports the observation.

With much pressure mounting from the indefatigable civil society in 1960, the then American president, Lyndon Johnson had no option but to cajole as well as collaborate with Congress for the Civil Rights Law to be passed. In effect, in July 2nd, 1964, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed as well as signed into law thus bringing significant changes particularly to the marginalized individuals such as the African Americans, American women, Latinos and other migrants with brown or black skin color (Vitulli, 2010).

The major development witnessed after the inception of the new civil rights law was the profound economic impact on the discriminated groups. Accordingly, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibited any form of discrimination with regards to businesses of public accommodation as well as employment. In essence, the law barred employers from hiring individuals based on national origin, race, sex, color, and religion. In other words, the employment laws were supposed to be applied to everyone across the U.S despite their race, religion, sex and national origin.

Thus, the new law precipitated new economic advances for the Blacks, Latinos and other discriminated races with respect to occupation status, income as well as educational attainment.

Statistics indicate that despite the weaknesses depicted in the legislature, the African Americans’ economic status began to rise at 12.6 percent annually (Vitulli, 2010). For example, many Blacks in the South were able to save money in the banks, and nearly 35% of them attended desegregated schools. Further studies indicate that the black employment rate also burgeoned and more of this was witnessed in 1972 when the Act was amended thus giving employees insurance cover.

Civil Rights and Social Justice

Civil Rights and Social Justice 1

In conclusion studies indicate that the Civil Rights Act also resulted in an increase of voter registration with 7% in 1965 and approximately 70% in 1967. Thus, as indicated above the Civil Rights Acts had a significant economic impact on the marginalized groups.

Reference

Vitulli, E. (2010). A defining moment in civil rights history? The employment non discrimination act, trans-inclusion, and homonormativity. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 7(3), 155-167.