Chinese Communication Essay Example
In order to appreciate the difference between Chinese and western communication, it is imperative to consider the effects of culture of communication. A culture refers to as informal processes of comprehending the activities taking place around the environment of an individual which shapes the socializing aspects and general communication and perception of an individual. The social aspects of culture are thus more relevant to analysis of Chinese and western communication strategies and general approach. Basic syntactic and phonological platforms of one’s language are acquired as one’s foundational socialization during the early period on one’s initial communication. It is thus the ways of communication process acquired at this period with close relatives and family that have a profound effect on one’s discourse for a life time. The accent is picked up at this stage and few adjustments are acquired throughout the life time. Basic syntactic structures and functions associated with an individual’s community which defines the contemporary culture of an individual come in handy at this stage. Most importantly, the social behavior and pattern are acquired at this stage and thus a child learns how to relate to the older and the younger and of the same age.
In general, there is a striking difference between the western countries such as the United States. Most westerners are more concerned about individualism as opposed to the Chinese collectivism approach in terms of their perception as defined by their culture. An individualistic culture tends to stress on self-actualization, personal achievements and initiatives and they mostly use the word “I” in their communication strategy. On the contrary, a collectivism culture like the Chinese is more concerned with their collective identity as a group and thus family and ethnic groups is more important in a collectivist culture (Gao & Kao, 1998).
Based on this primary development of humans in different cultural settings, there is ought to be a difference in how group belonging to different cultural background communicate within themselves as well as with other people or strangers. Stereotypical thinking does not acknowledge the difference in groups and it does not give a clear picture of the obvious difference in how people from different cultural upbringing face while communicating with each other. There is however a mutual understanding among the researchers that people are different and exhibit social and cultural predictable patterns in their communication within themselves and with other people. These patterns are specifically reflected in their discourse, these differences often results in undesired social problems like intergroup hostility, stereotyping, discrimination and even preferential treatment. Such effects can extend beyond borders and thus leading to the difference between the Chinese and the westerners.
In communication, Asians will be more concerned to use strategies of independence out of respect and deference with the communicating partner. On the contrary, most westerners will bring out the communication based on one’s symmetrical solidarity. The rationale for this is based on the value held by most westerners enshrined on their individualism and egalitarianism. In general perspective, a language is used for disseminating information and maintaining relationship among the communicating partners in a discussion. When Chinese are compared with American’s or westerners in general, the Chinese will be more concerned about the relationship aspect of the communication process while the Americans will be more concerned with the information aspect of the communication process. This means that the Chinese will be more concerned that a good relationship is maintained in the communication process even if it means less information is exchanged among the communicating partners. On the contrary Americans and Europeans will tend to put more focus on the exchange of information irrespective of whether communication relationship is maintained or not.
Gao, G &., Kao K.(1998). Communicating effectively with the Chinese. New York, NY: SAGE.
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