The issue of child labor has risen due to rise in poverty. Children are the future generation of a nation and are of high priority in a country. Regrettably, child labor has whelmed many children across the globe (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Statistics show that the number of children engulfed in child labor is increasing at an alarming rate. Research shows that there are about 200 million child laborers across the world (The world counts, 2014). Child labor tends to violate human rights and go against the International Labor Organization. Child labor can be termed as work that denies children of their dignity and potential and are harmful to their well-being (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). It is work that is mentally, physically and morally harmful to children. Nearly 30 percent of the world’s population lives in poverty and struggle to raise money for basic human needs. Parents therefore send their children to work in order to earn a living (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010).
Children are engaged in work in occupations such as construction work, agriculture, small-scale industries as well as domestic work (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Some of the industries where children work use toxic materials such as pesticides and heavy metals that can be harmful to them. Child labor has been in existence for many years. However, due to population growth, poverty level has risen and globalisation has grown which has increased the exploitation, oppression and violation of children (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Child labor is a great concern in many societies, especially in developing countries. It deprives children of their schooling and affects their personal development. Due to child labor many children do not complete their education. About one-third of children in developing countries are not able to complete school due to child labor. This affects the economy of a country and leads to rise in poverty level (Thabet, et al., 2011). In addition, child labor has both physical and social consequences. Majority of child laborers have poor physical health and social care needs.
Children employed to work are often from poor families and engage in work in order to provide for their families and their education (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Lack of these needs leads children to seek different means to get money, such as prostitution and other lower paid jobs. This affects the well-being of the modern society. In order to prevent the effects of child labor on the modern society, it is important for solutions to be constructed. There is a need to take action to protect children from child labor (Fassa, Parker and Scanlon, 2010). Since poverty is the major participating factor driving child labor, it is important for the different countries to fight against it. It is also important to consider other factors such as education, cultural role, economic condition and family size that contributes to increase in child labor. Focussing on grassroots strategies to reintegrate child laborers to their homes and schools can also prove to be important in breaking the cycle of child labor (Thabet et al., 2011). Therefore, this essay will analyze Child labor and it will determine how child labour prevails in modern day society, find out how it has affected the modern day society, and elucidate some of the solutions to solve child labour.
Fassa, A., Parker, D. & Scanlon, T. (2010). Child labour: a public health perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Thabet AA, Matar S, Carpintero A, Bankart J, Vostanis P. (2011). Mental health problems among labour children in the Gaza Strip Child. Care, health and development, 37(1):89–95.
The world counts. (2014). Cild Labour Facts and Statistics. Viewed 16th Nov. 2016 from http://www.theworldcounts.com/stories/Child-Labor-Facts-and-Statistics