CHILD CARE 8 Essay Example

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Child Care


Most psychologists believe that the children are known to have their own definition of what the world should be like. This kind of treatment is also extended to the clinics where children are taken example; the child is examined on the weight, when he is to start talking and so on. Here, daily experiences were also considered to be a source of information. The children mostly develop relationships with the people who live around them and in most cases; this is usually the parents and the teachers. These two categories of people always contribute to the kind of experience that the children acquire (Pettit et al 1989). It is also important for the older group to work very hard in order to maintain the good relationship and this is only possible if there is dialogue or proper communication.

Interactions between parents and their children are vital since most of the people who affect their actions are the immediate family. Therefore, it is important for parents to ensure that there are no conflicts between them. This is because they could negatively affect the children. While the children are undergoing the development stages, communication may be used on the total number of activities that they perform in order to communicate to the parents or the teachers. Children at an early age use different behaviors to communicate what they need (Guttmann 1997). The child can communicate by crying if he is sick or hungry, making a variety of sounds, or altering some words which even one cannot understand what he is trying to say. In all the Medias and types of communication that would be considered then respect should always be the first priority.

Communication strategies

Communication strategy is the consideration of who, why, when, how and where the message is conveyed. Since sound travels as fast as light, then it is necessary to ensure that it is well structured before it is passed on by ensuring that the information flow, the correct message is being passed and to the correct audience; who in this case will be the children as well as the resources that are used being adequate to avoid problems when passing the information. Therefore, it is extremely crucial for carers to ensure that there is effective communication between them and children. The feedback mechanism should also be inspected to know if there was any type of learning that took place during the communication process.

  1. The first strategy would be to determine the importance of the message as well as determining the desired end result. The objective of communication with the child might include; passing on a message, to change the behavior of the children or even to increasing awareness or building a consensus between the child and the parents. One type of this kind of message is to educate the children on the values of healthy play without hurting each other.

  2. The second strategy is to identify the type of message that is to be conveyed. It should be a timely message and one that will be appropriate for the children depending on their ages. One such type of message is the use of a big picture that carries the message “children should not be forced to eat unhealthy type of food but instead they should ensure they eat healthy”.

  3. The other strategy would involve the identification of the target audience in terms of their ages and their interests. This will aid in improving the delivery mechanism of the message to the children. The children who are two years old would not be given the same message as the five years old children (Bates et al 1987).

  4. The other strategy would be to determine the measures for success. This will involve determining the end results of the communication that has taken place in terms of qualitative and quantitative means. This would mean the parents or the teachers evaluating for any changes in behavior following the messages that have been impacted to the learners. For instance, one can observe for behavior change after a long period of teaching the children about the benefits of being obedient to their parents.

  5. The last strategy would be selection of the best mode of delivering that message considering that simplicity will be important to enhance easier understanding to the children. This would involve the effective utilization of the available resources. In case of teaching the children, it is more appropriate to use the word of mouth rather than end up printing so many handouts that would not be helpful in the end. This is definitely not appropriate for young children.

  6. Finally the other strategy that one needs to consider would be the feedback by evaluating the overall results and identifying the causes of the problem and understanding the strengths and weaknesses of the message being passed. This is where one identifies which parts were difficult for the children to understand hence causing minimal changes in their behavior.

Carers need to understand the various stages of child development. This would ensure that they understand how to approach them. For the infants and children below the age of one year, it is more appropriate to use high pitched tones, facial expressions as well as actions that help the children to learn if you like something or not, and this also shows them if they should repeat an action in order to achieve something. A child might learn that by continuous crying they are able to draw a lot of attention from the parents and so they will keep repeating it. For the preschooler, the use of both the written and verbal modes of communication and at this stage the communication of their feelings should be encouraged. Opportunities should be created to enable the preschoolers to experience the need for effective communication. For the school age and the adolescents heading to the adults the modes of communication are more or less the same (Guttmann 1997). At the stage where these children are going to school, they are able to handle more than one piece of information as well as learn how their behavior affects others and vice versa.

Through proper guiding the children are able to learn how to handle conflicts. The adolescents are very sensitive and get irritated by very small things that may be said about them (Bornstein 1995) .To avoid this, the parents and teachers should ensure that they calmly talk to the youth and ensure there is a sense of balance in personal responsibility and this is possible through several dialogues. In schools, this could be achieved through open forums where they are free to talk about any pressing issues. While at home, children can talk to their children freely if they have got any problem.

Culture plays a vital role in child’s developmental stages. Teachers should be very keen not to undermine or over-praise certain cultures since this can have detrimental effects to affected children. People’s culture should be respected and this will translate to self-confidence to a child who will feel appreciated despite of different cultural background.

Non-verbal communication

There are varieties of non-verbal communication media that can be used when dealing with children so as to be able to pass the message as well as when using the verbal means. The methods of communication vary with age.

  • For young children the use of facial expressions is an appropriate way of having the children learn if one is not happy with an action that they have committed.

  • For the school going children, the use of familiar diagram and have the children label what they know and also have the children go for field work and each of them to conduct a research on a certain topic/area and record what they have learnt from it.

  • For the adolescents and adults using the visual aids to pass the message would be more appropriate since their minds can handle more capacity of information than their juniors.

Jesse is a four year old boy who is still learning from both his parents and his friends. Since Jesse likes associating with children, then he should utilize the chance and help his small brother learn and develop the desired behavior. Jesse is Sally’s younger brother who is approaching the adolescent stage. Her language is well developed by now and she has started experiencing some physical changes in her body hence, will require a lot of guidance to prevent the child from serious emotional and behavioral change. The younger brother is still developing the language skills and this will be enhanced by the teacher as well as the elder sister whom he will tend to imitate.

The children need a lot of exercise in order to develop their motor skills and remain physically fit. By engaging in different ball games and other physical exercises, the children will also learn how to interact with each other as well and even develop their creativity hence, their cognitive skills. The best communication skill would be to combine both the written and verbal skills so as to make it easier for the children to understand (Bates et al 1987). In case a child requests to know about something the best way is to use a practical approach so that they are able to understand more and they will also not forget very fast. These new ideas would require the students to go carry out a research on them then bring in their ideas and then the teacher will handle the topic independently. The best strategies to use would be brainstorming and use of a practical approach rather than the theoretical one. The kids should not be interrupted when they are giving their contributions in class so that their confidence can be boosted (Guttmann 1997).

It is also important for the children to express their likes and dislikes so that the teacher will be able to know which areas to avoid tackling during the learning process. Every child has their differences which should be respected. This is important to enhance their decision making skills even in future.


It is important for the teacher and parents to understand the individual needs of the children so that they can be able to help them develop more in their stages and in all aspects.


Bates, E. & Shore, C. (1987). Language and communication in infancy, in Handbook of Infant

Development. Oxford University Press, New York.

Bornstein, M. H. (1995). Handbook of Parenting: Volume 1, Children and Parenting. NJ:

Lawrence Erlbaum.

Guttmann, J. & DeClaire. (1997). The heart of parenting. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster


Pettit, G. S. and J. E. Bates. (1989). Family interaction patterns and children’s behavior

problems from infancy to 4 years. Developmental Psychology. London, New York Publishers 25:413-420.