Child Care Essay Example

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Child Care

Project 1

  1. To overcome separation anxiety between the parent and the child, Care for kids (2014) advices parents to take the child for some visits to the care center to help the child acclimatize to the new environment by engaging in some activities like playing with the children at the center, walk around the center, meet care-givers and identify their playgrounds, eatery, bed and toilet. When leaving the child, the parent should never sneak out but must say a quick goodbye and a cuddle to re-assure the child. Stonehouse (2009, p. 11) recommends parental counseling on separation distress, and also allow parents to voice their expectations and provide full information to the centre. Again, care-givers should encourage parental to begin the process with fewer hours and with a specific care-giver so that the child can slowly accept the center and build a relationship with the care-giver.

  2. Separation causes distress among parents and children because both develop a progressively closer bond right from birth (Stonehouse, 2009). The child also gets attached to the familiar environment of home and will not welcome a new environment. Stonehouse (2009, p. 10) argues that children do not understand time and a little separation seems too long for a child. Again, just like with a new environment, children do not like change, and especially abrupt change. They prefer the status quo. A change to a different environment and with different people is especially stressful for a child.

  3. Organizational policies and procedures are important because they provide care-givers with guidelines and instructions on their daily routine in handling parents and children. They determine the successful accommodation and stay of children whose parents seek such care, for example, Stonehouse (2009, p. 12) identifies communication policies that encourage open and honest communication with parents, child-handling policy that demand that a child must never be left alone crying, and so on.

Project 2

The ideal childcare environment for babies and infants may be viewed from three angles. The internal Environment is mainly concerned with the physical environment, the activities, and the care-givers behavior within the center. According to Maxwell (1994, p.3), such an environment must result in the physical, emotion, social, and intellectual environment of the child. The building must show documented compliance to health and safety standards and licensing.

There must be proper lighting, heating, ventilation, with adequate clean water supply and accessibility for the disabled. It must provide a well-equipped and clean kitchen, on-site laundry services, and clean toilets separated for both adults and children. It must be a toxin-free environment i.e. located in a lead-free and pollution-free environment. Rooms must be spacious and well-maintained with well-painted walls, clean tiled floors, walls, ceiling, and roofing Maxwell (1994, p.4).

The staff must be trained care-givers. They must be clean and smart, and dressed always in appropriate attire for the purposes of handling babies and infants, for example, uniforms, hair covers, gloves, and so on. It is desirable that the center must have a residential nurse so as to take of emergencies when they arise.

To ensure the safety and security of the babies and infants, Maxwell (1994, p.5) recommends that there must be a special room when babies who fall ill are kept and constantly monitored by a caregiver until the parent picks them up. This will facilitate fast access to health-care services, and prevent the illness from spreading to the other children. The entry-point must be monitored constantly by the center’s staff to ensure all visitors are screened as they visit and leave the premises.

Externally, the compound and the building should be clean, well-painted, clearly marked, and well kept with flowers, pavements, lawns, parking and so on being well-maintained.

References List

CareForKids, 2014. Strategies for Easing Separation Anxiety. Childcare Articles, Tips, and

Parental Guides. [online] Available at: <> [Accessed 29 May 2014]

Maxwell, L., 1994. The Physical Environment of Child-care Center: What Parents Should

Know. Cornell University Corporative Extension Publication. [online] Available at: <> [Accessed 29 May 2014]

Stonehouse, A. 2009. Positive Goodbyes: Helping Children and Families to Manage

Separations. Putting Children First — NCAC Magazine. [online] Available at: <> [Accessed 29 May 2014]