Challenge and recommendation Essay Example

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Copenhagen proved to be a failure with the Copenhagen Accord that was watered down. This was because consensus did not accept this accord in an ultimate manner. The main challenge was and remains to be main powers which are competing.  These powers that continue to compete and are a significant challenge to the climate change are China, United States and the European Union. The United states though not openly obstructionist was the one that made many of the matters more difficult. As a result, many stakeholders were skeptical righty on their being able to ratify the resulting treaty domestically. With the support of India, China chose to rip the accord apart. This was done by China deleting references to commitments, the global target and legal nature in the last days. They were aware that they would simply get away with it since the civil society was too busy I its focus on the pressure from the developing countries. Also, this was possible as the European Union was not principled enough and was gutless in making a stand against them.

Since this period of the failure of the Copenhagen, there have been deeper progression of the challenges on the climate change and the conflicts amongst the stakeholders and the competing powers have been growing. There have been battles concerning the wording of ‘commitments’ comparing with ‘contributions’ in Warsaw or either moving into negotiations that are formal this year. Another challenge is that the some countries who are stakeholders in the climate change negotiations have not yet gotten grips with the issue that that the United States cannot ratify an international treaty on the climate change. This has deepened the firewall between the developing and the developed countries and this increases the challenge on the climate change (Christer, et al. 2012, p. 49).

The European Union leadership has continued regression. It remains a significant challenge to the COP20 climate change. In addition, the emergence of developing countries that are like minded has also come as a significant challenge to the climate change negotiations. In reality, these countries share a staunch opposition to take on commitments and the desire in avoidance to monitor and receive increased funding from the developed countries (Lisanne & Arne 2013, p. 320). So far these developing countries have shown to be more than willing delay and dilute these negotiations.


The emergence of sub-national actors such as the local governments and the cities is a new way to look beyond these conflicts. The Inclusion of these sub-national actors in 2015 agreement can provide a way to incorporate the bottom-up actions. Such incorporation will be possible even in the countries where there is no strong climate policy such as Canada, and US. Also, another solution that can help change and solve these challenges that the climate change negotiations face is to change leadership. The European Union and China need to step forward and provide the leadership that The United States cannot provide. All these changes will require the civil society and not just countries so as to effect the changes (Christer, et al. 2012, p. 52).

In addition, the agreement in the future will need to change the tact from civil and youth particularly. There have to be a move from perpetuating the firewall that has been between the developed and the developing countries which in many negotiations has been the bane. It is a call for a shift of role and it will help in solving the challenges that have been eminent in the negotiations that have been held.

Also in a bid to ensure that there is a sustainable environment development, the stakeholders should embark on the organization of the green cooperation volunteers and cooperate in the issues regarding the renewable energy imitative. All these countries should seek to work together so as to ensures the transition to a green economy by the use of superior energy and the resource efficiency. So as to achieve this, it is vital to develop some human resources in the environmental technology and the environment policy-making fields. These approaches towards the negotiations on climate change and the moves to ensure a sustainable environment development can help solve the challenges.


1(41): 46-55.A Journal of the Human Environment Christer, K. et al. (2012). The legitimacy of leadership in international climate change negotiations.

27(3): 308-324. International Relations Lisanne, G. & Arne, N. (2013). The European Union at the Copenhagen climate negotiations: A case of contested EU actorness and effectiveness.