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Case Plan

Case Plan

Question 1

Considering the nature of the case, it is appropriate to consider integration of diverse models of case management for the use of this particular client, Ms Johnson. One of the most appropriate models in this context is the Good Lives Model of Offer Rehabilitation (GLM). According to Tony Ward and colleagues, in the development and presentation of the model, there is need to focus on human rights in the course of developing a case plan. The model starts with the assumption that offenders have the obligations to respect other people’s entitlements to well-being and freedom while also entitled to the same consideration. These elements have been essential in enabling the model to be one of the most appropriate tools for the diverse jurisdictions in the local and international contexts.

The assumption tends to be valuable when it comes to the implementation of the punishment, as well as utilization of the reintegration initiatives. From implementation of the ethical starting point, the model tends to integrate two fundamental intervention aims. In the first instance, there is need to facilitate enhancement of the offenders’ well-being. In the second context, it is valuable to concentrate on the reduction of the risk of further offending. According to the GLM practitioners, these goals tend to experience inextricable relationship, thus, the best platform towards creation of a safer society aiming at assisting the offenders to acquire more fulfilling, as well as integrated lifestyles from a social perspective. These elements are essential in illustrating the influence and importance, as well as applicability of the GLM model in the case management of this particular

In the second instance, it is appropriate to consider integration of the Holt Model for this specific case. This model is essential in the course of incorporating eight critical stages in the management of the case, thus, valuable in the exploration of this specific case. In the first instance, the Holt Model is essential in demonstrating the outreach platform and practices in the determination of the components of the case in accordance with the demands and expectations of the case. Secondly, there is the essence of the referral in the exploration of the most appropriate mechanisms to facilitate elimination of the issue of focus. The third stage relates to the integration or operation of pre-screening context for the evaluation of the potentiality of causes and implications of offending.

This provides the platform for the fourth stage relating to assessment of the causes and implications of the case in question. The fifth stage in this model relates to the care planning prior to monitoring, as well as reassessment in the next two stages or phases of the model. From this perspective, it is valuable for the reassessment in the evaluation of the progress of the case management. These elements tend to offer the platform for the final stage relating to disengagement, as well as maximization of the practices to achieve quality addressing and management of the case. The model proves to be effective and efficient in the course of exploring the case effectively and efficiently.

It is also possible for the case management to consider integration of the Rothman and Sager Model for effective and proficient evaluation and exploration of the specific case. The case begins through evaluation of the formal information to examine the formal linkage contributing the case. This provides the platform for the assessment of the informal linkage of the case to the living conditions of the target audience. These approaches are vital in the monitoring and evaluation of the case for effective management. In the fourth stage, the model concentrates on the interagency co-ordination before recommendation of the counselling and therapy. This provides the approach for the utilization of the final element of this model is the advocacy. The model proves to be essential in the evaluation and management of the cross.

It is also possible to incorporate the R-N-R model in the evaluation of this specific case. In this context, the model is critical in the assessment of the risk component as the evaluation of the likelihood of the offender to reoffend. In this context, risk refers to the degree of harm caused to the community, as well as other potential victims in case of reoffending by the offender. According to the risk principle, the level of treatment is essential in matching of the treatment to the offender with the level of risk they pose to the community. The next component of this model is the need, which relates to the aspect of the offender’s life, which requires treatment, thus, the platform for guiding the content of the treatment. Thirdly, the model illustrates the responsivity concerned with the elements of the program delivery for effective and efficient case management.

Question 2

Focus of the Interview

Ms Johnson did come to the office to discuss her persona leading to her engagement in the four offence accounts, thus, the platform to use the occasion to generate information to assist the court in sentencing her for the current offences.


During this event, Ms Johnson did appear disturb and could not communicate effective at the onset. She did state that it was her first assault on an individual, but did engage in the consumption of the drugs in her possession during the assault. Additionally, she did claim that she lives with her brother who helps her with the kids. She also has an aunt, who has since cut any potential link with them. She claims to have a bad blood for her mother because of how she treated them following the death of her father.

The Resolution

In this context, it is valuable consider engaging in other employment opportunities and counselling programs to help Ms Johnson overcome her issue.

Reasons for the Next Contact

The next contact, with the client, is essential in enabling her offer further information on her condition, as well as, ask questions, which might affect her in dealing with her condition.

Question 3

In this context, it is valuable for the research report to engage in the identification and exploration of the protective and risk factors, which are relevant to Ms Johnson’s offending behavior. Risk factors are the stressful conditions, circumstances, and events. On the other hand, protective factors are the conditions, attributes, families, and communities, as well as the entire society with the ability and potentiality to mitigate the risk while enabling the healthy development and well-being. In this case, it is valuable to note that Ms Johnson did focus on the utilization and exploration of diverse protective factors. In the first instance, there is the essence of the parental resilience. It is valuable to demonstrate the fact that no one can engage in the elimination of the parenting stress, yet parents have the capacity for the resilience in the course of dealing with the emanating stress (Rondon et al., 2014; Riger, Bennett, & Sigurvinsdottir, 2014).

From this perspective, resilience is the ability to manage, as well as bounce back from the challenges in the family lives. Evidently, Ms Johnson focuses on demonstrating her mechanisms towards solving issues and building sustainable relationships with her children, as well as seeking help whenever necessary. Secondly, Ms Johnson focuses on the use of social connections as the second category of the protective factors. In this context, Ms Johnson tends to depend on her brother and neighbour as the valuable providers of emotional support towards solving issues and parental assistance (Busch, Meara, Huskamp, & Barry, 2013). Additionally, Ms Johnson focused on the utilization of her concrete support from the single parent income as another protective factor in the course of enabling her to overcome critical issues in her life, as well as providing for her children and brother.

Moreover, Ms Johnson tends to depend on her perceived knowledge of parenting and child development to protect her against the potential risks in this case. This is highly evident when she claims to have enormous understanding of the needs of her children, as well as the development of her older child who is three-years-old. Understanding of their demands and expectations plays a critical role in giving her the desired support to contribute effectively and efficiently to the societal desires (Minkoff, 2013). Evidently, it is valuable to demonstrate these protective factors did play critical role in limiting the risks in the case management with reference to this specific case.

On the other hand, the case did play a critical role in the illustration of diverse risk factors with reference to the case of Ms Johnson. One of the potential risk factors in this context is the existence of aggressive behavior. In this context, Ms Johnson did assault a security officer, which makes her potential of harming other society members through utilization of her aggressive behaviour. Similarly, there is the lack of parental supervision as another risk factor. In most cases, Ms Johnson fails to take care of her children while hanging out with friends, thus, leaving the obligation to his brother and unnamed neighbour. The third risk factor in this case is substance abuse (Rizzuto, 2013).

Ms Johnson tends to engage in the consumption of marijuana and other substances, which might increase her likelihood to reoffend, as well as harm other society members through the influence on drug. The availability of drugs in her neighbourhood is another risk factor, which might endanger her life and conditions, as well as relationship with other society members. Similarly, there is issue of poverty, which relates to her lack of employment, as well as inappropriate training to provide for her family and brother. Ms Johnson attests to lack of appropriate relationship with her mother.

This proves to be a risk factor because of lack of substantive guidance on how to monitor the growth and development her children. Ms Johnson needs substantive family, social, and moral support to overcome her drug addiction condition, thus, the need to exploit her absent relationship with her mother, as well as aunt (Stone et al., 2012). Evidently, these risk factors tend to affect the likelihood of Ms Johnson to reoffend, as well as harm the society members. This calls for effective and efficient utilization of the protective factors to oversee mitigation of the risk factors, as well as their implications in improving the living conditions of Ms Johnson and her relationship with the society members.

Question 4

In this context, it is valuable to consider exploration of the informal and formal supports, which might be useful towards assisting with addressing the client’s risk factors. Integration of these supporting factors aims at the empowerment of the client. Empowerment refers to the process, which relates to assisting clients make their own decisions and assume responsibility regarding their lives. Empowerment must relate to the self-determination from an intrinsic perspective because of its importance in the realization of the goals and targets of the case management (Walter et al., 2015).

Informal Services/Resources

Informal services or resources do not engage in addressing the urgent treatment needs, but might be useful in supporting clients in between the formal appoints while also contributing to the monitoring of the progress of the client. One of the most effective approaches is to organize a personal meeting with the network members. In this context, it is appropriate to consider meeting Ms Johnson’s brother, as well as mother and aunt in the course of determining the most appropriate way towards helping her. This approach will be valuable in the course of boosting the protective factors in the midst of the glowing risk factors such as poverty. Secondly, it is valuable to explore the potential obstacles to the progress of the client. This is through critical evaluation of her background, parenting challenges, lack of employment, and potential network relationships, and the platform to offer and make informed decision in the course of addressing her condition (Kuss, Van Rooij, Shorter, Griffiths, & Mheen, 2013).

The approach will play a critical role in the course of maximizing the output of the case management while improving the living conditions of the client, as well as reducing the likelihood of reoffending. It is valuable to consider integration of diverse meetings to facilitate the assessment and evaluation of the needs of the client. The approach will contribute to the empowerment of the client in the course of addressing her duties and responsibilities as a parent. Similarly, it is crucial to engage in the identification of the specific roles as a support practitioner in the process of identifying the specific tasks and behaviours. The approach will aim at handling diverse issues such as addressing the needs of the client such as tackling drug addiction and unemployment. It is also valuable to consider integration of diverse contact plans to facilitate maximization of the output of the case management.

Formal Services/Resources

Formal services refer to the professional services, which might require formal referral in the management of the risk factors in the midst of the protective factors. In this context, it is valuable for Ms Johnson to book a counselling appointment to enable her overcome diverse challenges and issues affecting her life. This is through improving her emotional and moral competence to deal with issues between her and her mother, as well as her aunt. The formal approach will play a critical role in offering the valuable support to tackle challenges while improving the condition of the client to carter for her needs. Effectiveness and efficiency of the formal approach will depend on the maximization of the potential opportunities, as well as training capabilities. From this perspective, the formal services and resources will facilitate exploration of the needs of the client while playing critical role in the empowerment of the target audience in the course of tackling the risk factors.


Rizzuto, D. (2013). Living longer than expected: protective and risk factors related to human longevity.

Kuss, D. J., Van Rooij, A. J., Shorter, G. W., Griffiths, M. D., & van de Mheen, D. (2013). Internet addiction in adolescents: Prevalence and risk factors. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(5), 1987-1996.

Stone, A. L., Becker, L. G., Huber, A. M., & Catalano, R. F. (2012). Review of risk and protective factors of substance use and problem use in emerging adulthood. Addictive behaviors, 37(7), 747-775.

Riger, S., Bennett, L. W., & Sigurvinsdottir, R. (2014). Barriers to addressing substance abuse in domestic violence court. American journal of community psychology, 53(1-2), 208-217.

Rondón, J., Campbell, J., Galway, K., & Leavey, G. (2014). Exploring the needs of socially excluded young men. Children & Society, 28(2), 104-115.

Busch, S. H., Meara, E., Huskamp, H. A., & Barry, C. L. (2013). Characteristics of adults with substance use disorders expected to be eligible for Medicaid under the ACA. Psychiatric Services.

Walter, T., Ford, A., Templeton, L., Valentine, C., & Velleman, R. (2015). Compassion or stigma? How adults bereaved by alcohol or drugs experience services. Health & social care in the community.

Minkoff, K. (2013). Integration of addiction and psychiatric services. Public Sector Managed Mental Health Care: A survival Manual (Minkoff, K, 233-245.