Case Overview 4 Essay Example

  • Category:
  • Document type:
  • Level:
  • Page:
  • Words:


Case Overview 4

Case Overview 4

The case addressed here is a report on Kenyan ‘female genital mutilation’ as reported by Bunting in 2011. This is a social issue that has to do with the culture of some communities living in Kenya. It affects the social costs and other economic issues that accompany this act. Mutilation is still part of some communities in Northern Kenya. Although the Kenyan government has for many years tried to discourage the activity by declaring it illegal and putting up very tough consequences for parents who allow traditionalists to carry out the act, the activity is still widely endorsed in this part of the country. This is mostly encouraged by low levels of literacy as most people who live there discourages education (Bunting, 2011).

Their cultures are also discriminative towards other communities thus promoting minimum contacts with outsiders and foreigners. This means that these communities do not have opportunities because they misquote such issues as intermingling. Perception comes in because these individuals misinterpret the ban as westernization and interruption of culture which they fear losing. They are thus labeled illiterate and barbaric.

Due to their cultural activities and many mysteries of beliefs, many local and international investors are not willing to invest there. Therefore, their market is affected because the people in these areas are not willing to swap from using their traditional items and adopt the modern products. This is mostly brought about by cultural distances as civilised people believe for instance in using modern medicine but the communities believe in using traditional herbals which at times are not effective and have no medical basis. Thus a pharmacist cannot set up a chemist in these areas because they don’t believe in using his brand of products (Bunting, 2011).

The culture values genital mutilation to the extent that a mother gives out her child to risk many things like infections. This is done to ensure their girls become eligible for marriage. The girl’s family enjoys the bride price which in most cases includes livestock. This is as a result of lack of culture globalisation and they don’t even value money, which is the world’s most recognised means of exchange. They opt to value livestock and don’t need money.

Girls are not supposed to challenge decisions made by their parents, who are the main architects of the decision concerning the mutilation. This is against both local and international law thus these cultures do not respect the law. Gender inequality is not endorsed where girls and women are required to follow decisions made by their husbands and fathers regardless of their rights and freedoms. This is due to lack of culture globalisation as other parts of the country have endorsed gender equality.

Girls’ education is not valued and some of the dowry parents receive is directed to boy-child education. This differs from other parts of the country where every child is entitled to education irrespective of their gender. This lowers level of economic globalisation because without education, the cultural jinx will never be broken (Bunting, 2011). In conclusion, such static and non diverse cultures should be brought to an end. The economy is impacted to a large extent because most of mutilations come with them medical issues that cost the nation a fortune. Hence, such cultural practices are wrong and should be stopped.


Bunting, M. (18 April 2011). Kenyan girls fight back against genital mutilation. Retrieved from