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Question One: What is your source?

The source is ‘A Memorial to Soldiers, who fell at the Dardanelles in 440 BCE’, which is a memorial to the force that had earlier served in the country of Dardanelles. After the First World War, Australians were notified about a National museum at Athens, whereby Australians who had died by the Dardanelles were remembered for their achievements, but not similarly to the Athenians (Sagona et al., 2016, p.18). The source emphasise that Australians should be remembered similarly to the cohort of deceased Athenians.

Question Two: When is your source from?

The source was published in 1948 in the book Gallipoli Mission written by Charles Bean(Bean, 1948). Charles Bean together with some people were sent to Gallipoli with the goal of reporting on the condition of the war graves at Gallipoli as well as for Bean to solve numerous riddles surrounding the 1915 campaign. While writing this source, bean quotes a Greek inscription regarding the Athenians that had died possibly died in 440 BCE by the Dardanelles. About 28 Athenians were listed in the inscription.

Question Three: Is your source unique or is it just one example of many?

Without a doubt, this source is unique because it sheds new light on a famous event and offers different viewpoints as well as a more interesting, richly layered history, which captures the human memory and spirit of the events at the country of Dardanelles. Besides that, the source connects the Australians with their history and makes the event relevant to time and context. What Bean experienced at Gallipoli creates a picture of what could have happened in the country of Dardanelles, which can be described as melancholy and disturbing (Gooding, 2006).

Question Four: What can your source reveal about Gallipoli, Anzacs and/or the Great War?

The source offers the reader an insight into the emotions that the soldiers felt during the war they lost friends; therefore, it was right as well as worthy to fight and die honourably for their country. The source somewhat reveals the plan the Bean and other volunteers had for the Gallipoli war graves and also offers the story of the fighting (Scates, 2006, p.227). Still, the source does not offer an explicit comparison of Anzacs and Athenians (The Conversation, 2015).

Question Five: How does your source fit into the historical context in which it was produced?

The source fits into the historical context because it offers a means of commemorating the soldiers that fought during the Great War as well as those who were killed by the Dardanelles. The source enables the readers to look back in time and grasp what happened atGallipoli since the soldiers never had a moment to recover and relax. The source provides an era of Anzac history since Gallipoliwas about the life in the combat zone, the courage as well as the sacrifice of the troops. It remind us that every war comes with a cost of life that.

Question Six: Has the meaning of the source changed over time/is it still useful to scholars of Gallipoli, Anzacs and/or the Great War? How?

The meaning of the source has not changed because it still shows how the Anzac spirit and legend was ignited and enables the scholars to understand what transpired on Gallipoli. By citing how the 28 Athenians killed by the Dardanelles were commemorated, Bean provides insightful information to the scholars in reviewing the need to remember the deceased soldiers by honouring their memories.


Bean, C.E.W., 1948. A Memorial to Soldiers who fell at the Dardanelles in 440BCE. In Gallipoli Mission. 1st ed. Canberra: The Australian War Memorial. pp.389-90.

Gooding, J., 2006. Gallipoli and Palestine Landscapes, Gallipoli Mission. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 26 June 2016].

Sagona, A. et al., 2016. Anzac Battlefield: A Gallipoli Landscape of War and Memory. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press.

Scates, B., 2006. Return to Gallipoli: Walking the Battlefields of the Great War. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.

The Conversation, 2015. Gallipoli’s rich history of conflict started well before 1915. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 26 June 2016].