• Category:
    Performing Arts
  • Document type:
    Case Study
  • Level:
    High School
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China Case Study3


China’s case study

  1. Briefly, outline four of China’s national interests.

  1. Economic development

China was closed to the international economic system by the year 1978. Opening up to the open-door policy aimed at attracting foreign capital led to economic development. The government uses a five-year plan strategy to plan the economic development, and it has helped China to rise to one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

  1. Peaceful rise

As China is determined at achieving state sovereignty, it has committed itself to peaceful agreements. One such is the 1999 Sino-Russian border treaty that was a way of resolving territorial dispute peacefully (Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2016).

  1. Secession and territorial integrity

The country border is one of the longest with fourteen border countries. Maritime territory in the south sea has presented dispute between China and other nations including Republic of Korea, Vietnam, Malaysia and Philippines (Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2016). Examples include disagreement over Diaoyu Islands with Japan. By holding strongly to its both land and maritime territory, China safeguards the core national interest.

  1. Creation of a socialist harmonious society

The Chinese prioritize social harmony that emphasizes on peace and stability enabled by adherence to law and orders to facilitate socioeconomic development (Yang, 2014). The values emphasized in achieving a harmonious socialist society govern all aspects of the community including cultural, social, political, economic and environmental sectors. The aim of developing such a society was to tackle issue arising as a result of continued development.

  1. Explain how China has attempted to reach the economic development goal.

Before 1978, China had a poor performing economy as it was closed to the international economic system where no foreign company was allowed to open up a factory or carry out operations in the country. In the year 1978, an open door policy was established that permitted foreign companies to open branches in China. The policy enabled international trade that raised China’s rank from number thirty-two in the world by the year 1978 to number eleven in the year 1995 (Li, 2012).

To further boost its growing economy, the government adopted a strategy to increase its regulation and control of the macroeconomic environment. The strategy led to a growth of the economy by 9.5 percent in the year 2004 (Yang, 2014). The country has also adopted a five-year plan strategy that outlines targets the government aims to achieve sin that period. To date, China is one of the major economic powers in the world.

  1. China’s official position on Taiwan and the difference in the position as compared to USA and Taiwan governments.

The Chinese government is against Taiwan independence as it considers the country as under its jurisdiction whereas the United States government has been concerned of the oppression of human rights (Li, 2012). The United States had been offering support to Taiwan government in 1995 for its independence. The Taiwan government was pressing for independence in international politics by redefining the principle of one China. The government of China and that of the United States of America, however, issued a joint statement during the Washington Summit indicating the issue as a core interest of China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

A) Which of China’s national interest does the status of Taiwan fall under?

It falls under Sovereignty and territorial integrity as stated by China’s president during the Washington Summit (Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2016).

B) Use examples to show how China has used one dimension of power to pursue this national interest.

China has demonstrated the use of force by use of military exercises in the year 1996 (Yang, 2014). They also carried out missile tests targeted at Taiwan.

C) How successful have they been?

The strategy was a success as it forced the United States government to oppose Taiwan strives to independence (Foreign Policy Research Institute, 2016). Both the United States and the Taiwan government changed their policies.

  1. Comparison of the power of China and the United States.


Many challenges have faced the relationship between China and the United. The difference in the method of leadership between the two countries is a major contributing factor. The essay will compare the power between the two governments to explain the most powerful.

The issuance of a visa to Lee Teng-hui enabling him to visit the United States of America prompted the Chinese government to use force through missile tests and military exercises both in air and waters near Taiwan (Elleman, 2015). The act was meant to revoke the increasing support the United States had been giving to Taiwan government against an agreement in the US-China communiqués (Elleman, 2015). The United States responded by sending two carrier battle group to show its power indicating its commitment to a peaceful resolution and a partner to other countries that were allies in the region.

Currently, a lot of circumstances have changed mainly due to the economic development of China. The development has allowed the country to build its military by increasing expenditure as well as creating allies (Elleman, 2015). The growing crisis between the United States and other nations like Russia and North Korea has, on the other hand, reduced the states that have formed allies with the country.


The continued economic development in China will permit the state to spend more on the military as well as establishing more partners globally, and it may make it stronger than the United States which is the current superpower. Continued technological advancement has also favoured the strengthening of the military.


ELLEMAN, B. A. (2015). Taiwan Straits: crisis in Asia and the role of the U.S. Navy.

Foreign Policy Research Institute. (2016). Sovereignty, Human Rights and China’s National Interest: A Non-Zero-Sum Game — Foreign Policy Research Institute. [online] Available at: interest-a-non-zero-sum-game/ [Accessed 28 Apr. 2016].

LI, X. (2012). China at War: an encyclopedia. Santa Barbara, Calif, ABC-CLIO.

YANG, J. (2014). China’s Diplomacy: Theory and Practice.