Australia’s alcohol consumption
ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION IN AUSTRALIA
Alcohol is a legal substance across the world. It helps lower anxiety when consumed. However, abuse of alcohol results to addiction. Alcohol addiction is a chronic disease in which the body and mind of the user become dependent of alcohol and cannot functional normally without the use of alcohol. Addiction is a serious problem facing a large number in the world in different ways and for various reasons. To some, it has led to family and children neglect, violence in the family and with friends. Government of Australia intervenes to reduce consumption rate. This essay will explain more knowledge about alcohol; the several following sections will describe the Australian alcohol culture, problems that alcohol consumption causes in Australia and how to reduce alcohol consumption.
Australian culture and alcohol consumption
There is great relationship between Australian culture and alcohol. Alcohol is widely consumed in the Australian society to those who are eighteen years and above especially men. Consumption started during the European invasion. It began at a high point in 1830s with an estimate of 13.6 liters per person and the number fluctuated with the economic downturn in 1890s to 5.8 liters per head. In recent years, 1974-75 consumption rose with 13 liters per person and then dropped in 2008 to 10 liters. There is no doubt that alcohol is a vital part of the Australian culture (Milton. L, 2013). Alcohol consumption became a norm in Australia at the time of colonization. In Britain, heavy drinking was a norm involving two drinking practices; one is shouting in which every person buys a round of alcohol for the group and the other is work and bust where people drink and engage in long period of hard work and practiced until date. With time, alcohol manufacturers increased their variety of products and advertisement using sports and media houses making binge drinking a fashionable norm. Since then, alcohol became a part of the Australian culture and played a role in celebrations such as end of football season and various social activities as a form of relaxation, a way for the Government to generate tax revenue and a source of employment to many Australian. Currently, drinking is a staple for the young people in Australia. Alcohol drinking developed as a social custom and habits and became a normality in Australia. According to Rural Health Alliance report of 2010, alcohol consumption in Australia among males is more in the rural areas because of isolation and the need to for interactions. People indulge in alcohol-related activities to interact.
Problem caused by alcohol in Australia
Because of excessive drinking of alcohol, there is a lot of problem in the Australian society. Alcohol related violence is a common problem in Australia. This is evident from a report released in 2009 by BBC network that Australian police conducted a coordinated crackdown to curb alcohol-related violence nationwide. Alcohol consumption affects control and thinking, making people engage in unnecessary fights, abusing others and damaging properties. According to Australian National Council on Drugs report, one in eight deaths of Australians aged under 25 occur due to alcohol consumption. Twenty per cent of victims drink to levels that expose them to lifetime harm. This is a significant concern among the young people (Jane. M, 2013). Moreover, cases of road accidents, other accident caused by drunk driving is rampant in Australia claiming many lives and causing major injuries in some victims. Drug abuse and crime go in handy. This is a problem facing Australia today with approximate 39% of detention by police reported in 2013 related to alcohol consumption. Health issues such as brain damage and liver diseases (Liver cirrhosis) face alcohol victims due to its abuse. Some of these issues claim lives of the victims, other are impaired for a lifetime and some remain hospitalized in intensive care to save their lives (Simonet, E.N.C, 2014). According to Australian National Council on Drugs report of 2013, five million Australians aged fourteen reported being victims of an alcohol related incident. This clearly shows the extent of seriousness of the problem caused by alcohol consumption in Australia. There is need for intervention to contain alcohol consumption and reduce its impacts to the victims and the society.
Solutions to decrease alcohol consumptions
There are many solutions to decrease alcohol consumption and deal with the problems caused by it in Australia. Australia should adopt higher alcohol taxes as to curb this menace. By so doing, alcohol consumption and harm will reduce by twenty percent by year 2025-said St Vincent’s Health care Australia. An outrageous number of people are hospitalized due to alcohol related activities and pay a huge of amount of medical fee. By increasing the price, this will see Europeans change their drinking habits due to the budget constrain. It has been suggested that advertising alcohol in majors such as football and crickets should be regulated as they play part in promoting alcohol consumption and make the young grow seeing that sports and alcohol go together and it is a normal thing. Federal leaders are urged to introduce laws in the countries that see alcohol sale at a set period in the day to regulate consumption. There are suggestions that alcohol related activities should be regulated to reduce alcohol consumption. For example, alcohol is advertised through sports and social Medias: sports management should be advised to adopt other sponsorships and not necessarily alcohol (Naomi. W, 2016).
In conclusion, there is great relationship between the Australian culture and alcohol that has caused many problems in the country but the Australian Government is trying all possible means to reduce alcohol consumption rate.
Atkins C. Alcoholic-beverage advertising: Its content and impact. In: Holder H, editor. Control issues in alcohol abuse prevention: Strategies for states and communities. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press; 1987. pp. 267–287