Arugmentive essay Example

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


Alcohol consumption among pregnant women across the contemporary society presumed to be on the rise (Stern 2013). Finding from United States indicate that at least 1 in every 25 pregnant women engages into binge drinking (Floyd 2014). Women consuming alcohol during pregnancy spearheads at adverse outcome known as Fatal Alcoholic Syndrome (FAS). FAS in children are showcased by physical facial abnormality and the impairment in neurodevelopment and child growth phases.

Thesis Statement

This retrospect paper seeks to identify the extent to which medical institutions have attained in recognizing and preventing of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome across women.

Recognition of Fetal Alcoholic Syndrome

Symptoms and Signs

` In 2004, research medical institutions attained a full report showcasing the scientific evidence supporting the early recognition of FAS (Warren 2013). Medical practitioners devised a brief medical outcome of diagnostic criteria for new born babies expected to have been exposed to FAS. Firstly, doctors identify FAS through facial dysmorphia. In this context, babies are exposed to FAS by showcasing smooth medial cleft, thin vermillion border and small opening between the eye lids. Secondly, FAS is easily identified through children growth problems. The symptoms are confirmed in children prenatal and postnatal weight and height showcased at one point of life. Lastly, children central nervous system abnormalities documents FAS. The central nervous system abnormalities include the type of head structural in head circumference and brain abnormalities, neurological, and poor functional performance socially, academically and motor functioning delays (Ryan 2014).

Screening and intervening

CDC practitioners developed screening instruments validated for use across both pregnant and non-pregnant women. For pregnant women, medical practitioners developed both the T-ACE and TWEAK instruments that can be used briefly to identify women misuse of alcohol during pregnancy (Medscape 2016). T-ACE is an instrument used to identify how pregnant women are Tolerance, Annoyed, Cut down and Eye Opener towards alcohol consumption (Chang 2016). Based on the instrument, a score test of 7-point scale is used. In this retrospect, a score of more than 3 points indicates that a woman is likely to have a drinking problem.


Contrarily to the available screening tools and interventions, some of the pregnant women are most likely to give false responses regarding their drinking habits. In this context, medical practitioners are likely to encounter false data hence a challenge towards curbing FAS across pregnant women in the current contemporary society. Additionally, most pregnancies are not planned among alcoholic women hence spearheading counseling across such women pose challenges due to less time available.


From the analysis, it can easily be argued that there is no better cure of FAS rather than pregnant women abstaining from alcohol consumption. In this retrospect, Government and medical institutions need to roll out programs and resources targeting communities perceived to highly engage in alcohol consumption while on their pregnancy. Additionally, more scientific screening tools need to be in place purposefully to effectively intervene across addicted women to reduce the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies. Consistently, clinicians need to equip pregnant women both addict and non-addict women of the negative effects of alcohol towards the infants

Work Cited

Chang, Grace. “Alcohol-Screening Instruments for Pregnant Women”. Journal of Turning Discovery into Health. 2016. 1.

Floyd, Louise. “Recognition and prevention of fetal Alcohol Syndrome”. Journal of American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, vol. 106, no. 9. 2014. 1059.

Medscape. “Comparing the Effectiveness of TWEAK and T-ACE in Determining Problem Drinkers in Pregnancy. 2016. 1.

Ryan, Susan. “Differences between Children with Fatal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders: Rural Social Work Implications for Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment”. Journal of Contemporary Rural Social Work, vol.6. 2014. 41

Stern, Theodore. “Alcohol use during Pregnancy: Prevalence and Impact”. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, vol. 9, no. 6. 2013. 455.

Warren, Kenneth. “Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Research Challenges and Opportunities”. Journal of Alcohol Research and Health, vol. 34, no. 1. 2013. 1.