Article Review Essay Example

  • Category:
    Other
  • Document type:
    Article
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    3
  • Words:
    1533

Article Review

Citation of the reference

Duffy J A & Irvine E A 2004 “Clinical governance: a system,” Quality in Primary Care, 12(2).

Duffy and Irvine conducted a fieldwork that involved review of different pieces of work performed in primary care trust which helped them develop this article. Also, the authors used peer-reviewed journals to write the article and this makes it a right source of reference as well.

The main thesis of the reference

The article considers clinical governance as a system that utilizes the relevant processes to ensure that it provides services that are in line with the needs and wants of patients and most important achieve patient satisfaction.
Any predictions or applicability to future states or about what might happen next

The literature on clinical governance is not only applicable to the current NHS organizations, but also applies to future National Health Service (NHS) organizations. Health care institutions are likely to review their systems in order to improve patient satisfaction.

Views on accuracy, applicability, reliability, validity and generalizability

I belief the reading is accurate given the scope of the research and review conducted by the authors, despite the challenges encountered. The literature is highly applicable to all healthcare settings as far as the issue of quality service concerns. In this case, the article is valid and also reliable to use as it offers a proper guidance concerning clinical governance.

Issues in the reading that I agree with

I agree to the fact that the culture of the organizations plays a significant role in achieving quality services. I also agree that the process of providing health care services to patients should be repeated at regular intervals, that is, from identifying customers’ needs up to identification of opportunities to improve (Duffy & Irvine 2004).

Issues in the reading that I disagree with

I did not really find an issue to disagree with after reading the article.

Why the material read is useful

I consider the article to be useful as it presents a very critical aspect of primary care. Clinical governance is a determining factor to quality primary care and the ideas presented in the article are helpful if only they can be applied by clinicians in health care environments.

How this article relates to Managing Quality in healthcare

The article provides a model which health practitioners can use to implement clinical governance in healthcare. This is about ensuring that healthcare institutions provide quality services to patients and this is what the article is all about.

Citation of the reference

Armstrong B K, Gillespie J A, Leeder S R, Rubin G L & Russell L M 2007 “Challenges in health and health care for Australia,” Medical Journal of Australia, 187(9), p.485.

The article has used reliable and valid sources such as Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) to gather statistics about the topic under discussion. The authors have also used other sources well to support their work.

The main thesis of the reference

The area of interest for the authors is the challenges Australia faces in respect to health and health care. That funding and delivery health care continues to be a problem to the Australian Government.

Any predictions or applicability to future states or about what might happen next

The challenges discussed in the article are present in Australian healthcare system and are likely to persist if no appropriate measures are taken by the Australian Government. This also means that same situation will still apply in the future.

Views on accuracy, applicability, reliability, validity and generalizability

The information and statistics provided in the article are accurate considering their sources used and it is applicable to the current healthcare in Australia. This also makes the information reliable to use academically and for research purposes. The article provides a general perspective of problems experienced in the entire health care system in Australia.

Issues in the reading that I agree with

The aspect I agree with in the reading is that the Australian health system has become more stretched due to increase in ageing population and rise in chronic illness. I also agree that the issue of medical errors compromise the quality and safety of healthcare in Australia and is one of the main challenges (Armstrong et al 2007).

Issues in the reading that I disagree with

I do not agree to the fact that the authors have not attempted to provide possible solutions to the challenges in the article. I would expect them to provide some recommendations on the way forward to help overcome the problems.

Why the material read is useful

Nevertheless, the article is helpful as it provides an insight into the challenges affecting health and health care system in Australia. By focusing on these challenges, policy makers can design appropriate strategies to help improve delivery of health care services in Australia.

Citation of the reference

Smith P C 2008 “Resource allocation and purchasing in the health sector: the English experience,” Bulletin of the world Health Organization, 86(11), pp. 884-888.

The citation in the article is accurate as the author has appreciated the work of others by making reference to them in the entire article.

The main thesis of the reference

The main argument in the article is that allocation of resources in the health sector should be done in a manner that enhances equity in access and use of health care services, especially to population in need of these services.

Any predictions or applicability to future states or about what might happen next

The issue of resource allocation in health sector in applicable in many countries including Australia and in fact if the right formula is not used to allocate resources in healthcare, equality is likely to continue or even worsen in many health care systems.

Views on accuracy, applicability, reliability, validity and generalizability

The article is accurate and applicable to the current health care system in Australia as these are the issues that need to be addressed by the government. The information is reliable and valid since the author has substantiated his arguments with credible sources.

Issues in the reading that I agree with

I strongly agree with the author that inequalities in health originates from differences in access to health services, the quality of these services and other factors beyond the control of the health system including lifestyle, environmental and economic factors (Smith 2008).

Issues in the reading that I disagree with

Although, a systematic formulae used to allocate funds can help promote equity in healthcare, other factors that causes inequity in health must also be addressed.

Why the material read is useful

The article is important as it explains how inequalities in the healthcare can be promoted through use of proper methods of allocating resources to health institutions.

Citation of the reference

Barger L K, Ayas N T, Cade B E, Cronin J W, Rosner B, Speizer F E & Czeisler C A 2006 “Impact of extended-duration shifts on medical errors, adverse events, and attentional failures,” PLoS medicine, 3(12), e487.

The article has been written with reference to various peer-reviewed journals and other sources. Also, the information is based on a survey conducted across the United States.

The main thesis of the reference

The survey was meant to establish whether extended-duration shifts leads to medical errors, adverse events and inability to pay attention.

Any predictions or applicability to future states or about what might happen next

The article is applicable to all health care institutions working with interns and my prediction is that medical errors, failures in attention and adverse events can reduce if extended-duration shifts for interns are eliminated.

Views on accuracy, applicability, reliability, validity and generalizability

I have an issue with the accuracy of survey findings as it was prone to more bias and this makes it not very much reliable although it is valid. However, the information is highly applicable to healthcare settings. The article addresses the general effect of extended-duration shifts.

Issues in the reading that I agree with

I agree with the authors that extended-duration shifts have great impact on performance of interns in terms of medical errors and adverse events. Most importantly, it exposes the safety of patients at high risk (Barger et al 2006).

Issues in the reading that I disagree with

A part from the biasness of the findings, I do not find any issue to disagree with in the article.

Why the material read is useful

Policy makers in public health can use the information in the article to find alternative coverage schedules for trainees, rather encouraging extended-duration.

References

Armstrong B K, Gillespie J A, Leeder S R, Rubin G L & Russell L M 2007 “Challenges in health and health care for Australia,” Medical Journal of Australia, 187(9), p.485.

Barger L K, Ayas N T, Cade B E, Cronin J W, Rosner B, Speizer F E & Czeisler C A 2006 “Impact of extended-duration shifts on medical errors, adverse events, and attentional failures,” PLoS medicine, 3(12), e487.

Duffy J A & Irvine E A 2004 “Clinical governance: a system,” Quality in Primary Care, 12(2).

Smith P C 2008 “Resource allocation and purchasing in the health sector: the English experience,” Bulletin of the world Health Organization, 86(11), pp. 884-888.