Article Review Essay Example

  • Category:
    Management
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    779

Article Review 4

Article Reviews
Community health needs is closely tied with public health demand in the sense that the correlation between the two parameters is inseparable. While the status of any given public health is integral to the quality of health received by the catchment community, it is pertinent to underscore that there are several latent public health challenges that have not been given the much needed attention. According to Stahl (2004), public health indicators should take into account all the health care variables. As Ross and Jennings (2010) note in their journal publication titled Bed bugs: A public health problem in need of a collaborative solution, the public health problem posed by the infestation of bedbugs is not a recent challenge; it has dominated the American society for ages. People various backgrounds have been adversely affected bedbug menace. Worse still, some of the contravening measures that have been put in place to curb the parasite may have not been as effective as required. Both the urban and rural population is equally impacted not to mention the fact that this parasite can thrive well in almost all weather and climatic conditions. There is no succinct medical evidence whether bedbugs can actually lead to disease transmission. Nonetheless, it is still a health problem within the public domain that requires urgent redress. There are myriad of negative health, social and economic impacts associated with bedbugs. For instance, the affected persons may develop allergic reactions that may range from mild to severe. In some instances, the bites from bedbugs may trigger anaphylaxis. There are other secondary effects of bites from bedbugs. They are known to cause lymphanigitis and also impetigo. Psychologically, bedbugs are also largely responsible for aggravating pre-existing mental conditions in addition to causing lack of sleep and anxiety. The measures that have been put in place by communities to control bedbugs have not yielded much fruits. For instance, there are limited resources to tackle this public health problem. In most public health agenda, bedbug control has hardly been a priority
The society is also burdened economically by the infestation caused by bedbugs. There are significant economic losses resulting from accelerated medical costs, job loss as well as reduced economic productivity. Although the actual loss in dollar may not be known, bedbug control may require more than just one single visit by a medical practitioner who is also a specialized in pest control. Controlling other pests may be quite affordable compared to bedbugs bearing in mind that the latter demands a more aggressive and versatile approach due to its resistance potential to chemicals. Additionally, it has also been established beyond doubt that bedbugs have the ability to spread far and wide, infesting several household units within a very short time. Definitely, it may be quite tricky and costly to control bedbug infestation in several affected dwellings unlike in the eradication of other pests that may just involve just a single-unit dwelling. (Riegelman, 2010). At the community level, the use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) has been deemed as the most successful way of combating bedbugs. IPM uses an array of strategies in eradicating this pest. One of the integrated methods under IPM is environmental modification so that it can be hostile in the survival of bedbugs. Besides, the pests are continually put under surveillance such that their breeding grounds are regularly cleaned. In addition, the affected communities are also using chemical treatments to kill the growing pests. Furthermore, the community has also initiated the enactment of local pieces of law that seeks to identify the accountable persons in bedbug control. Better still, tailor-made education programs have been instituted to enlighten the community on bedbug eradication mechanics. Similarly, identification of bedbug sites using trained dogs has also been quite successful. Colgrove et al. (2010) also point out that school of public health is indeed key in advancing not just the security of a nation, but also the overall physical, social and psychological comfort of people. The authors stress that shrewd management of public health is crucial in the prevention and control of diseases. Needless to say, the menace caused by bedbugs is indeed a public health issue that warrants immediate if not urgent attention.


References
Colgrove, J., et al. (2010). Schools of public health: Essential infrastructure of a responsible society and a 21st-century health system. Public Health Reports, 125(1): 8-14.Riegelman, K.R. (2010). Public health 101: healthy people—healthy populations, London: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.Ross, L. & Jennings, S. (2010). Bed bugs: A public health problem in need of a collaborative solution. Journal of Environmental Health, 72(8): 34-35. Stahl, J.M. (2004). Community health status indicators, In Encyclopedia of health care management, London: Sage Publications.