Anth 202 lecture summary 2

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Lecture Summary

Tutor’s Name:________________________ Tutorial Time:_______________

Where is Disease located?

Disease is located within the physical body in the organs and organ systems; pathological states, of the patient (Kleinman 1980).

Where is illness located?

Illness lies in the subjective experiences of disvalued changes in states of being, in disturbances in social relationships. (Kleinman 1980).

What does the “embodied experience” mean?

It denotes the realities of the perception of the sick person and his/her family members, a wider perception of the surrounding social network, to live with, and respond to symptoms and disability, the lived experiences of constantly watching the various body processes and anomalies (Kleinman 1980).

How is Illness transformed into disease by the doctor?

By recasting illness as a part of particular forms of disorder, the concerned doctor transforms the illness into disease. (Young, 1982:266).

What is a simple way of defining sickness, disease and illness?

Sickness is the name given to illnesses, as understood within their social, economic and political contexts. Disease is the anomalies in the structure or behaviour or organs or organ systems located in the body. Illness is one’s view and the actual experience of some socially disvalued states like disease. (Young, 1982:266).

What does Zhang’s example show us about the kind of problems that need to be treated by a medical practitioner?

Zhang’s example shows us that, while the problem may be same the response to the problem may vary according to the social context; so moral symptomatology which is a combination of established judgment, knowledge, and practice of which illness symptoms require any treatment, and if they should be treated as disease and so on.

If the path a person follows from translation of signs to socially significant outcome constitutes her or his sickness, what then IS sickness?

Sickness is a general name given to address all the events associated with

diseases and illnesses, and deals with them within the social,

economic and political contexts (Young, 1982:266).

In relation to the Azande, what does witchcraft do?

For the Azande people, witchcraft serves as a system through which illness, medicine, execution of justice, and jury verdict, are all linked (Evans_Pritchard 2008).

What was the part of the lecture you had trouble with?

The last part linking emotions and the political, mindful and physical bodies could have been a bit more elaborate.


Evans-Pritchard E. E, & Seligman C. G, Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic among the Azande. J. W. G. W. Sudan Notes and Records. Vol. 22, No. 2 (1939), pp. 285-291. Published by: University of Khartoum

Kleinman, Arthur. 1980 Patients and Healers in the Context of Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Young, Allan, 1982, The Anthropologies of Illness and Sickness. Annual Review of Anthropology. Vol. 11, (1982), pp. 257-285. Published by: Annual Reviews

. DOI (men’s medicine) in China: The making of the subject of desirenankeThe birth of Zhang, Y. Everett, 2008, : 10.1525/ae.2007.34.3.491.