Answer these three question Essay Example

Q1: What key concept have you found most valuable as a tool for analyzing gender, sexuality and diversity within this course? Give reasons for your answer.

Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality Education is an interdisciplinary part of serious analysis that focusses on how bodies of people and identities are classified and exist out in, political, ethical relations and social (MEYER, 2010). It, therefore, examines the difficult interrelationships present between such diverse signs of identity as femininity, gender, sex, masculinity, sexuality, and ethnicity. Sex is the genetic, biological and functional processes that differentiate females from males. Gender talk about the roles, associations, behaviors, traits and relative power that societies assign to people of diverse gender. The key concept that is valuable for analyzing gender, diversity and sexuality is the concept of heteronormativity. Heteronormativity is the conviction that people are grouped into separate and complimentary genders with natural functions in life. Heteronormativity states that heterosexuality is the accepted sexual orientation, and most appropriate between man and woman. The heteronormative concept involves the arrangement of biological sex, gender identity, gender roles and sexuality (MEYER, 2010). The concept of heteronormativity stresses on heterosexuality as a normal idea that recurrently declares heterosexual life as the correct life to live. Heterosexuality is constructed and replicated in media, popular culture, politics, working life, and families. People that cannot or do not follow the heterosexual custom are suppressed and risks to be publicly excluded. Heteronormativity is the best way to analyze sexuality, gender, and diversity because minority sexual alignment fights to be an accepted group in the diversity agenda of societies. The dominant sermon of heterosexuality in group’s puts sermons of homosexuality to be silenced, be under pressure, be eliminated and be suppressed creating it to be accepted only with a certain limited legality and protection. Heterosexuality is believed to be the only natural and normal form of sexuality. This assumption forms identities and unequal power affairs between the heterosexual majority and homosexual minority. The critical methodology to the organizational sermons says that it is the hegemonic sermon of normative heterosexuality that defines and establishes the subject’s sexual identity. The heteronormative sermon acts as a device of authority and control that restricts the ability of homosexuality people to talk and make their identities at the place of work. Heterosexism discriminates sexual minorities such as gay men, lesbians and bisexual as second-class people on many lawful and civil rights, social equality and economic opportunity in several of the world’s authorities and societies.

Heteronormativity helps attain a complete understanding of equity matters and hence ensure that human is respected. However, it causes the effects such as marginalization, stigmatization, violence and abuse to minority sexuality. Social institutions, such as education, organized religion, media, and labor market, play a vital role in regulating people’s sexual lives. This institution depends on sexual suppression for their sustained existence.

Q2: Choose one of the following concepts to explain how particular power relations operate and can be used as a tool for raising cultural awareness in an institutional site of your choice: a) ‘invisible whiteness’; b)’hegemonic masculinity’;c) ‘heteronormativity.’

Whiteness refers to normative privileges given to white-skinned people and groups. White identity brings about unique difficulties for an explanation of social identity. Whiteness is created as the custom and the personification of dominant culture and beliefs. Whiteness is dissimilar from other ethnicities and races since it is fundamentally invisible. Whiteness is comprehended to be invisible since it is created as dominant. White people occupy a place of privilege.

Racism is founded on the perception of whiteness that is powerful fiction imposed by power and violence. Whiteness is a continually shifting boundary distinguishing those who are allowed to have certain rights from those whose abuse and vulnerability to violence is acceptable by not being white. Whiteness, for example, blackness and color, are social concepts used to people rather than absolute facts that have total validity. However, the power of whiteness is demonstrated by the methods in which racialized Whiteness develops into social, economic, cultural behavior and political. White culture, customs, and standards in all these areas turn into normative natural (SZMAŃKO, 2015). They turn into the standard alongside which all other cultures, individuals and groups, are measured and generally found to be inferior (GIBSON, 2006). The benefits of white people are invisible unless they likened to a nonwhite peoples disadvantages. With other ethnicities and races, there are no single media representing whites. Depending on the historical period, the story being told, the genre, the type of production there may exist a range of representations. On the other hand other ethnicities and races, whites are not vulnerable to the similar degree of stereotyping. It is not easy to point to a list of shared stereotypes and conventions that relate exactly to white people. However, if it is possible to point to the stereotypes, then those stereotypes are usually appreciated beyond the stereotypes linked to other ethnicities and races. Historically, whites are seen in the media as leaders, well-spoken people, successful, intellectual, and wealthy. In spite of the difficulty in seeing whiteness and selecting up in the difficult ways it overlaps with other areas of identity such as gender, sexual orientation, class, and age. The multicultural dissimilarities that are in American culture are viewed as reason for celebration and success.

Q3: How does the idea of the social construction of identity challenge ways in which marginalized and minority groups are represented in mainstream institutions and culture? Discuss concerning ONE of the following: sex/gender, class, ethnicity, sexuality, or disability.

Sex are the biological qualities that societies use to classify people into the group of either female or male. People draw the distinction between men and women using sex not gender, which refers to how society forms the accepting of those biological groups (MEYER, 2010). Gender may or may not rely on biological behaviors. Gender is an idea that refer to how societies control and manage sex groups. In this case, cultural meanings are linked to women and men’s functions and how persons understand their identities. Gender encompasses social norms, activities and attitudes that society considers more suitable for one sex compared to the other. Gender is also determined by what an individual feels and does. Gender affects the understanding and view of what the society feel suitable behavior for a woman and a man.

Gender and sex do not at all times align. Gender refer to individuals whose biological physique they were born into equals their individual gender identity. This understanding is different from being transgender, where individual’s biological sex does not match with the gender identity. In this case transgender, people undergo a gender shift that may encompass changing their self-presentation and dressing. Intersexuality describes disparities on sex explanations related to unclear genitalia, sex organs, gonads, and chromosomes. Intersexuality and transgender are gender groupings and not sexualities. People also select gender queer, by drawing on numerous gender situations or not identifying with any exact gender. People may select to move across genders. Gender and sexuality are social identities and not just individual identities. They come up from the associations of individuals, and they rely on social contact and social identity. This affects how people understand themselves about others.Sex roles refer to the tasks viewed to be preferably suitable to femininity versus masculinity.Sex roles have joined across several cultures because of colonial practices and industrialization. These roles were dissimilar before the industrial uprising when women and men all worked beside one another doing similar tasks. Rooted gender inequality is a result of modernity (GIBSON, 2006).

References

GIBSON, H. M. (2006). The invisible whiteness of being: the place of whiteness in women’s discourses in Aotearoa/New Zealand and some implications for antiracist education: a thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Education.

MEYER, E. J. (2010). Gender and sexual diversity in schools: an introduction. Dordrecht [etc.], Springer.

SZMAŃKO, K. (2015). Visions of whiteness in selected works of Asian American literature.

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