Anorexia current prevention strategies e.g . Current Treatment for anorexia. Essay Example
- Category:Family & Consumer Science
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Anorexia: current prevention strategies
Anorexia nervosa has one of the highest mortality rates among psychiatric disorders. An estimated 1000 women die each year of anorexia nervosa — most commonly from cardiac complications due to malnutrition or from suicide (DeBruyne, Pinna, Whitney and Whitney, 2008). Little in the way of controlled research exists on psychological treatments for anorexia nervosa. The following assignment will look at the cures of anorexia and the findings suggest that among the rest group therapy might work best.
Treatment of anorexia nervosa requires a multidisciplinary approach that addresses two sets of issues and behaviors: those relating to food and weight and those involving relationships with oneself and others. Teams of physicians, nurses, psychiatrists, family therapists and dietitians work together to treat people with anorexia nervosa. Appropriate diet is crucial for normalizing body weight and must be tailored individually to each client’s needs. Seldom are patients willing to eat for themselves but if and when they are, chances are that would be able to recover without medical interventions. Professionals classify clients based on the risks posed by the degree of malnutrition present. Those with low risks may be able to benefit from family counseling, cognitive therapy behavior modification and nutrition guidance; those with greater risks may also need other forms of psychotherapy and supplemental formulas to provide extra nutrients and energy. Studies have found that cognitive behavior therapy combined with hospital treatment would means reductions in many anorexia symptoms persisted up to 1 year after treatment (Bowers and Ansher, 2008). Also operant conditioning behavior therapy programs have been somewhat successful in achieving weight gain in the short term. However the second goal of the treatment-long term maintenance of weight gain-remains a problem.
High risk patients may require hospitalization and may need to be force-fed by tube at first to forestall death. This causes psychological trauma. Medications are commonly prescribed but to date they [play a limited role in the overall prescribe treatment for anorexic patients. Denial runs high among those with anorexic nervosa. Few seek treatment on their own and almost half of the women who are treated can maintain their body weight within 15 per cent o healthy weight; at that weight many of them begin menstruating again. The other half have poor or fair treatment outcomes, and two thirds of those treated fight an ongoing mental battle with recurring morbid thoughts about food and body weight. Many relapse into abnormal eating behaviors or die.
Group therapy is one the best ways to deal with anorexia
Therapy for anorexia is generally a two-tiered process. The immediate goal is to help patient gain weight in order to avoid medical complications and the possibility of death. Family therapy is the principal form of psychological treatment of anorexia based on the notion that interactions among members of the patient’s family can play a role in the disorder (le Grange & Locke, 2005). In one kind of family therapy, anorexia is cast as an interpersonal rather than individual issue and attempts to bring the family conflict to the fore. This is accomplished through a process where the therapist holds family lunch sessions, since the conflicts related to anorexia are believed to be mostly in evidence during mealtimes (Kring, Johnson, Davison and Nealy, 2009).
DeBruyne, L. K., Pinna, K., Whitney, E. N., and Whitney, E., (2008). Nutrition and diet therapy: principles and practice. Cengage Learning. p166.
Kring, A., Johnson, S., Davison, G. C., and Nealy, J. M., (2009). Abnormal Psychology. John Wiley and Sons.pp212-213
Bowers, W., & Ansher, L. (2008). ‘The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy on changing eating disorder symptoms and psychopathology of 32 anorexia nervosa patients at hospital discharge and one year follow-up’. PubMed.
Le Grange, D., and J. Lock. 2005. The dearth of psychological treatment studies for anorexia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 37, 2005, 79-91. Le Grange, D., and Eisler, I. Family interventions in adolescent anorexia nervosa. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 2009, 18, 159-173.
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