Analysis of vocabulary meaning and form Essay Example
Analysis of Vocabulary Meaning and Form
Linguists deal with the study of the structure and grammar of a language which follows the system of the rules followed by those who use the language in question. Morphology is therefore essential in the grammar study to come up with meanings of various vocabularies which includes formation of new words. Syntax is also used in the formulation of phrases that are used to bring out a certain meaning of words. Phonology is also applied in analysis of vocabulary which brings out word sounds that bring out the desired meaning and form, they bring out the unspoken part of speech and it brings out the way the words are perceived as the part of speech.
In analyzing meaning and form of vocabulary major concern is given in the area of employing language structure which brings out logic in bringing out the real reference of what is being passed on, processed and assign meaning while communicating. They can also be used in solving the problem of ambiguity so as to bring out meaning to any form of words and concepts. It can also bring meaning in various contexts of words given.
Linguistics looks at the factors which broadly affect the usage of word in the given language. Such factors include; social, political, cultural and historical factors. As a result evolutionary linguistics looks into origin and development of words in a given language. (Sunders, 7) says that such words may change as time pass by hence the study of historical linguistics which investigates the questions related to change of certain words over the time.
Sociolinguistics on the other hand looks at how the cultural functioning is related to language development. This looks at how cultural alignments may lead to developments of certain words and the way various meanings are accorded to them. Language can also be processed in the mind therefore neurons-linguistics looks into how language can be processed and developed by the brain and how it is accorded the meaning it intends to convey.
This can be attributed at how different people may use a language or the rate at which they will develop usage of a certain language. For instance, children will develop usage of words at different rates but faster compared to adults language acquisition.
Linguistics defines how a language is defined and how it is supposed to be used. In such a bid, linguistics defines language as a module that is innate and hypothesized in the mind of human which allow people to acquire linguistic behavior. They come up which a universal grammar that only pertains to that language and which children will adapt to and be able to know how to correctly construct correct sentences or words in that particular language.
(Macmahon, 11) points out that the generative theory proposes that language does not have to necessarily evolve from past communication structures but it does come from the changes in the structure of human mind or thoughts. This type of words constructed as a result form the part of grammar which is formal.
Another group of linguistics study refer to a language extend cooperative networks and cooperative activity which emanated from communication systems of people in certain groups. (Reiss, 24) writes that such functional grammar theories therefore view a language as a tool which grew and adapted to the needs of communication in the sense of cultural evolution process, it is always emphasized over that which suggests that language meaning develop from biological evolution.
While some parts of linguistic theories give focus on differing varieties which are produced by language in various parts of global societies, other group of theories only focus on universal aspect of various languages at a given time and their minor dialects throughout the world. Such languages include English and French.
This theory looks at cultural stages which a given particular language will undergo at various stages in order to bring out their meaning to those communicating. (Marrow, 52) points out that the theory of variation, the first stage is pidgin, which is the construction of words b the non native speakers as a new language is introduced to them.
It would be say at this stage the non native speakers are being introduced into the mainstream language. (Webster, 25) writes that at this stage they use the new language in a broken manner in attempt to try to express the exact phrases of the language to bring out literal meaning. At this particular stage meanings that are accorded to the spoken of the mainstream language are greatly influenced by the mother tongue. When it reaches such a point the language becomes a Creole.
These variations that develop in various languages and forms various dialects globally is the major cause that results to evolution of languages in various parts of the world. Linguistics uses these variation developments to understand various usages and dialects which emanate from a particular over time to give meaning to the new phrases that evolve in such a language.
Dialects are studied in Linguistic as a result of language development in various part of the world. For instance, an English world will have varying spelling in British English and USA English. This variations although will have different pronunciations, will have similar meanings. Therefore language variation development is essential to come up with various meaning of words in a particular language.
Universal grammar in a particular language such as English will take into account general structures that are formal and common to all languages and also consider the templates which already pre exist in the minds of younger children. (Marrow, 51) points out that these considerations are both official and dialect languages. This is an idea that is applied basing on the theory of generative grammar whose proponents include scholars such as Noam Chomsky.
Linguistics structures pair meanings and forms which brings out the saussurean sign. (Cruse, 14) writes that this is achieved when any form is paired with any meaning. For example, meaning of the word cat is recognized globally with a broad variety of differing sounds in their oral languages, like, movement of the hands and facial expressions in the sign language and written in different symbols.
Linguists whose focus is on structure try to understand the rules that are accorded to a certain language usage that is known by the native speakers even though they do it unconsciously. According to conscious rules then linguistic structures are broken down into various component parts with analysis based on various multiple levels.
For instance, on two different levels of analysis, the word ‘tenth’, basing on morphology, that is the internal word structure, the word has a single form of linguistic form that shows a number and another indicating ordinal number. The laws of combination ensures that the ordinal marker with “th” go after the number ten. On phonology, the sound structure level, analysis based on structure the” n” sound in “tenth” is so different from the sound of “n” sound in ten when spoken alone.
Among the English speakers, majority of them are aware consciously of the rules that govern the internal structure of word pieces of “tenth” but are not aware of the sound structure governance rules. Linguists who focus on structure will always find and analyze rules like these which always govern how Native speakers speak their language.
In conclusion, linguistics has several sub fields which are concerned with particular fields of sub structure. Such fields contribute towards development of forms and meaning in word structure. Such fields include phonetics which involves analysis of physical properties of words in speech which involve perception and production.
Phonology deals with the study of sounds or signs that are discrete and have abstract elements in the minds of a speaker that bring out various meaning. Words can also be modified to bring out various meaning by the use of morphology.
Syntax deals with how various words are combined to form grammatical meaningful sentences. Semantics on the other hand deals with how to use fixed word combinations so as to bring out proper sentence meaning.
Such word analysis helps linguists come up with proper word styling to give appropriate meanings so that it sounds just as the natives speak the language. This has made it probable for development of various vocabularies in various languages and how they are supposed to be combined to come up with proper language functionality.
Alan, Cruse, (2005).Cognitive Linguistics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press P 12-16
Charles Reiss (2012). Language: An Introduction to Linguistics as Cognitive Science, 2nd Edition. Oxford University Press, P 22- 26
Diana, Marrow (2007). «Applied Linguistics and Language Analysis in Asylum Seeker Cases». Applied Linguistics
23 (4): 50–52
Jonathan Webster (2007). On Language and Linguistics, Continuum International Publishing Group, P 23-27
McMahon, (1998).Understanding Language Change, Cambridge University Press P. 9.-12
Peter Sunders (1999). Western Linguistics: An Historical Introduction. Wiley-Blackwell. Pp. 3–15
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