Aggressive Personality and Domestic Violence Essay Example

  • Category:
    Psychology
  • Document type:
    Assignment
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
  • Page:
    2
  • Words:
    1407

Aggressive Personality and Domestic Violence

Aggressive Personality and Domestic Violence

Abstract

There are a number of cases that arise in marriages that are as a result of domestic violence. Some of these cases while others are not. Developing the correct measures in managing these forms of violence has been a challenge in the society. In order to achieve the right channel to address domestic violence cases. The strategy to approach the issues is addressed through efficacy and effectiveness. Efficacy refers to the capacity to produce and display an effect or results intended to a problem. On the other hand, effectiveness is the suitability of that effect to provide a lasting solution to a problem faced in society. The applied mechanisms are mainly through evidence-based practices that are considered effective to manage domestic violence in the community[ CITATION Fol08 l 1033 ].

Keywords: domestic violence, challenges, strategy, efficacy, effectiveness and evidence-based practices.

Introduction

Domestic violence has escalated over the past few years. Some of the cases have been reported while others remain unreported. Approaches to these issues are fundamental to the society due to mistrust and depth of conflict that it results to. Personality traits of an individual are managed through cognitive behavioural changes[ CITATION Fol08 l 1033 ]. The perpetrators of domestic violence are mainly the male who should undergo a cognitive therapy and restructuring therapy. Data collected by the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2004) proves that, over 70% of the domestic violence are committed by male perpetrators. The report also shows that these cases from the greatest contributor to woman’s injuries between ages 15-40. After their legal processing of the cases, the perpetrators are subjected to mandatory psychological therapies that are aimed at reforming or restructuring their mental state[ CITATION Rut11 l 1033 ].

Scope of the Study on Family Violence

Family violence occurs in several dimensions depending on the victim and perpetrator. Domestic violence takes different forms depending on principal manifestation. This paper will be aligned to discussion on personal violence and its management. Furthermore, it will evaluate the effectiveness and efficacy of therapeutic intervention that targets the aggressive behaviour. A review of this process is identified and justified on the basis of its effectiveness. In addition, it will consider the efficacy of management strategy for the perpetrators. The paper is targeted for young offenders. Due to the nature of the society, more concern has been given to marital conflict. However, the paper covers more on young perpetrators after completing their legal penalties[ CITATION Nor08 l 1033 ].

Domestic Violence

This form of violence is committed by an individual to another mainly in the marriage agreement. In the legal framework, the nature of domestic violence is viewed in terms of physical harm done to an individual. It is defined as physical assault committed by an individual to their intimate partner. It is commonly perpetrated by male partners to their female counterparts either in marriage or relationship. The number of cases committed is much far less than its occurrences. Family violence involves the children too. Some children have been found to undergo traumatizing experiences due to mistreatment by their parents[ CITATION Gre08 l 1033 ]. It is significant that most perpetrators of this violence against children are their own parents or close relatives. Children are at the risk of attack by their parents either father or mother. Due to their ignorance, only few cases end up unreported. For that reason, this paper is aimed at enlighten people on intervention measures to young offenders.

Intervention for Young Offenders

There are number interventions that can undertake in handling cases involving young offenders. Through meta-analysis of these interventions, the offenders are reformed to gain the right personality trait that is accommodating and socially acceptable. These interventions ensure that the rates of violent and sexual recidivism are reduced. Some common and most effective interventions are discussed below[ CITATION Nei10 l 1033 ].

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is given in a short period running between 6-20 sessions. It involves a problem oriented approach that emphasis on results. This form of approach is one of the most used due to its nature in long term skills developed to maintain the health of the client. In addition, CBT involves review of childhood experiences that might cause the aggression. Most of the domestic violence cases involving people were due to life experiences in the past that were unresolved. Experiences in the early stages of a person will tend to influence their mental states in the future[ CITATION Mil13 l 1033 ].

CBT approach is meant to reduce negative thoughts to manageable levels in the life of people. Conflict between couples, children and other related cases may lead to harm on the victims. It targets the emotional and behavioural reactions to the perpetrators of domestic violence. Cognitive behavioural therapy commences by creating situations that help the client or a perpetrator to explain situations that resulted in their actions and grouping them to behavioural or emotional. Different approaches are made to solve situations arising. However, each style is believed to tackle a certain problem each[ CITATION Kle09 l 1033 ].

CBT in Domestic Violence

Aggression in domestic violence arises from arguments between partners. Researchers have identified some common sources of arguments as finances, sexual relationships, responsibilities and personalised disagreements[ CITATION Mil13 l 1033 ]. These cases result of mutual aggression. CBT involves the use of a friendlier approach to the clients, analysing on the root cause of the violence. Through CBT practices, each individual explains their grievances. The sessions mediate the mental condition of the perpetrator with their thoughts that encourages a cognitive behavioural change that transforms the approach of that perpetrator[ CITATION Mat05 l 1033 ].

Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

CBT is an effective therapeutic process of intervention due to its mode of approach. It has been proved that internal conflict between the mind and thoughts is as a result of past experiences that disabled our cognitive approach to these issues. Most cases of family violence, are the result of postponing issues arising between people that conflicts the thoughts of the perpetrators. It is the most effective due its structure, problem based as well as goal oriented, evaluates proven strategies and skills and the emphasis it orients towards creating a good relationship between the therapist and the client. Such process ensures that there is openness between the client and the counsellor[ CITATION Mat05 l 1033 ].

Limitations of CBT

It has been proved that CBT is not effective for people with serious mental conditions or learning challenges in their life. A therapist will only advise the perpetrator on reforming process, but they do not directly help them in that transformation. In addition, it is effective, for a client who is motivated since a poor, concentrating client would not benefit[ CITATION Gre08 l 1033 ].

Conclusion

Cognitive behavioural therapy has been effective applied to a number of cases successfully. When there is concentrated between the client and therapist it is more effective. Identifying the most suitable practice is the initial stage of this form of treatment and counselling[ CITATION Fol08 l 1033 ]. BCT should, however, be applied in collaboration with other approaches to provide a lasting solution to the perpetrator fully emotionally and mentally[ CITATION Gre08 l 1033 ].

Bibliography

Durose, M. R. et al., 2005 . Family Violence Statistics. 1 ed. Washington, D.C: U.S. Department of Justice.

Folino, Ducharme & Conn, 2008. A brief, success-focused intervention for a child with severe reactive aggression: Clinical Case Studies. Errorless priming, 7(6), pp. 507-520.

Gregoris, S., 2008. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: A Guide for the Practising Clinician, Volume 2. 2 ed. New York : Routledge.

Klein, A. R., 2009. Practical implications of current domestic iolence research: For law enforcement, prosecutors and judges. 1 ed. Washington, DC: Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Dept. of Justice.

Miller, M., Drake, E. & Nafziger, M., 2013. What Works To Reduce Recidivism By Domestic Violence Offenders?. 2 ed. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

Norman, M. & Ryan, L., 2008. Frustration study “ Extra-Aggression” Score as an indicator in cognitive restructuring therapy for male perpetrators of domestic violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 23(4), pp. 561-566.

Rector, N. A., 2010. Cognitive behavioural therapy: An Information Guide. 1 ed. Toronto: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health.

Ruttledge, R. & Petrides, K. A., 2011. Cognitive Behavioral Group Approach for Adolescents With Disruptive Behaviour in Schools. School Psychology International, 32(2), pp. 223-239.