Affiliation Essay Example

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Nueva Cancion

Affiliation

Nueva Cancion

Introduction

Nueva Cancion is a genre
associated with the Latin America and in English it
means a new
song. Nueva Cancion is a movement
and
genre that is associated with the Latin Americans and
the Liberian folk
songs. They are inspired by the
folk
music
and
also
the
socially
committed
music
hence
becoming a very
important
part of the
social
music (Brill 2011,p. 45).Nueva Cancion is widely
recognized and
it has played a very
powerful
role in the
social
upheavals, in many
countries
such as Latin America, Portugal and Spain more
specially during the
era of 1970s and
the 1980s.Nuevacancion was
first surfaced in the 1960s during the Chilean New Song whereby
the
musical
style
emerged
shortly afterwards in Spain and
other
areas of
the Latin America where
it
was
described
using
the
same
names

(Brill 2011p.67,).History of thegenre

The
origin
and
development of Nueva Cancion can be dated back in 1950s during the
folklore
boom which occurred in Latin America. The Chilean national by the
name Violeta Parra and
the argentine Atahualpa Yupanqui were
the bi-transitional figures
that
depicted
vast
mastery of the
folk
music
and their personal
involvement in the
political
organizations
promoted
the
union of the Nueva Cancion. The
movements
were
promoted by the
legislation of Juan Peron’s Decreto 3371/1949 for
the
protection of national
music (Fairley & Frith, 2014p.48). It
required
that
approximately
half of the
music that is played
in the
national
radio to be of national
origin in pursuit of promoting
nationalism. The
national
manifestation of the Nueva Cancion commenced in the
late 1950s more
especially in Chile and Spain. In these
countries, the
movement
contributed
and
promoted
the Catalan culture
and
language. Additionally, the
music
went
ahead
and
spread to Argentina and throughout the Latin America during the 1960s and 1970s.Many
national
movements
used their own
terminology
and
the
term Nueva Cancion was
adopted during the 1967 Encuentro de la Cantion
protest
and from that
time,
the
name
was
adopted as the
real
name of the
song (Clarke 2011, p.78) Nueva Cancion has

.different
political
lyrics and
this
makes
it
suitable
for
rebel
groups
and
other
groups which usually
advocate
for
changes in the governance system. The
message of the
songs
gave
it an upper
hand in terms of distribution and
it
managed to reach
different
areas within a given
period. Upon reaching Latin America, it
had
significant
changes in the
social
and
political
life
where
many
movements
and
demonstrations
were
orchestrated. The Nueva Cancion was
chosen since it
had
some
political
lyrics which were
instrumental in the
context. The
music
managed to gain
great
popularity in Latin America and
remarkably
left an imprint on many
genres
such as the Ibero-American rock, Andean Music and Cumbia. The
artists
and
composers of the Nueva Cancion often
faced
censorship, forceful
disappearances, and
exile
and
even at times,
they
were
tortured by the
military
dictatorships
such as the
Franco in Spain, Vindela of Argentina and
the Pinochet of china. The
persecution
was behind the
political
messages which were
contained in the
songs (Fairley & Frith 2014, p.89) Parra
.and Yupanqui were
highly
involved in collecting
the
old
songs from the
country
side
and
later
reworking them and
rejuvenating them to become
new
songs
that
were a bit
contemporary
and
also which were in broadly accessible
format. Parra used to cast her songs in well
established
local poetics forms
that
were
the
most
significant
and
she
also
introduced
the Andean instruments which accompanied
the
ensemble. On the
other
hand, Yupanqui sang
lyrics intoned top
expressive guitar playing
hence
evoking
the
hardship of the
life in areas of Andes. Through developing
and
promoting a body of popular
music
that
were affiliated to their traditions, they
managed to address
the
experiences
and
the
concerns of ordinary
people
especially
for Yupanqui and Parra. Through the
endeavor, they
managed to democratize their music in their respective
countries since the
songs
spoke
for
the
populace. In early 1960s,

Yupanqui and Parra music
were
known as Nueva Cancion and
the
name
was
formulated
owing
the
large
following in Chile. In the
period between, 1965-1967 Parra managed to operate a “Pena” or
the Folkloric tavern in Santiago (Fairley & Frith 2014, p.78). Accompanied by other
musicians, she
managed to cultivate a new
music which grew viral in the
entire Chile and
parts of Argentina. The
most
notable
songs amongst the “Pena” musicians
was
victor Jara who
had the sense of charismatic in his music and
he
managed to pull
people
together
therefore
emerging as the
fundamental
force behind the
birth of Nueva Cancion in Latin America(Madrid 2013.p56). Through the
leadership of Parra,Jara further
enriched
the
sound
and
message through appeal from Nueva Cancion through using
the
broader
array of the
regional
instruments from across the
south American lands. While Para continued to run her Pena
the two influential Neva Cancion groups
arose on the
college
circuit in Chile. The Quilapayun
that was formed approximately in 1965 and
it
associated with Ijara for
many
years
though
it
was anti Illimani that
was a mountain in the

Andes.The Nueva Cancion developed
parallel
traditions in Chile and
also
emerged in other
countries of the Latin America. In a country like Uruguay, the Neva Cancion musician by the
name Daniel Vigiletti managed to create
songs that captured in many
areas
such as France, Spain and
the
entire Latin America. In Cuba Pablo Milanes, Silvio Rodriguez and
other
colleagues
who
were in the
national
film institute staged a demonstration –“protest
music” that was
later renamed the
nueva
trova
meaning
the
new
song. Just like their continental counterparts
the
nueva
trova
artists
used
the
traditional
poetic
structures, local
instruments
and
the distinctively the Latin America musical
idioms which symbolized their resistance. In Cuba, the
resistance
was not against the
state
but
it
was against the
international
social which was
influenced by North America and
the Europeans.

The
songs
were
sung by these
individuals as a way of deviating from international
cultural infiltration. The
Nueva
Trova
was
disseminated through the
live
performances since the
musicians
avoided
significant
involvement of what
they
referred to as the
highly manipulative music
industry which was under the
domination of North America(Moore, 2001p.34). Nueva Cancion has continued to solidify not only in the
musical
genre
but
also in the
political
movements of the
late 1960s.The two monumental
festivals attested the
popularity
and
the
power of music. First, the
international
protest
song
meeting which was
held in Havana around 1967 managed to draw
participants from more than 15 countries
that
led to the
development of the Cuban government
protest
song centre at the
house of the Americans in Havana. In year 1969, similar
events
took
place in Santiago and
that
did
draw
many Chilean musicians to their music
and
supporting
the
cause of the leftist popular
unity
party
and
the
candidate
for
the
president
who
was
known by the
name
Salvador Allende(Moore, 2001p.34).Politics Nueva Cancion: South America

In the
year 1970, the
victory of the
general
unity
government that was
led Salvador Allende in the
land of Chile was
marked
rising of the
first
democratical
president under the socialist regime in Latin America. Chile had
gone through social
and
political
turmoil
and
the
election of Allende was
perceived as a beacon of hope in Chile and
rest of the
region.the
newly
elected
president
took
the
stage
greeting
the
people
and
affirming
that
the
revolution could not happen without songs
and that made
it
clear
that
the
songs
were
crucial
for
political
jubilation
and
more
especially
the Nuea Cancion. That
was a powerful
statement about the
role of music in the
social
and
political
set up of the South American society. This
movement
marked by songs
that
advocated
for
social
change
and Nuea Caancion is a perfect
exemplification. The
new
song
took
shape in the
southern
cone of South America in the
late 1950s and in the
early 1960s, Nueva Cancion was rebranded the Trova and canto and
it
began as a proactive movement which contested
for
the
political
dictatorships which existed during that
time (Napolitano, 2005 p.14).

The
declining
social
conditions in the
rural
areas
have
led to the
migration of the
rural
communities to the
cities. Upon migration, they
managed to bring with them different
musical
traditions
such
that
the
students
and
the
middle
people
managed to blend
well with the
other European culture
hence
forming
new
artistic
hybrids that transcend into class
distinctions. The
emerging
musical
styles
became
the
outlets of denouncing
political
oppression
that
were
experienced. The
evocative
and
poetic
lyrics
were
called to protest
and
called
for
active
participation
for
the
social
changes that were to take
place. The
elements of the
traditional
culture
and
the
regional
folk
songs which were reinterpreted by the Literati managed to validate
the marginalized native
cultures. The
initial Nueva Canacioneros used to make of the
folk
songs
instruments
such as the quena(Andean flute),Zamponas(pan-pipes).These
instruments
were
used in the
songs to emphasize
the
pride which the
native
culture. The pioneering ensembles inti-illimani and
the Quilapayun are some of the
examples of the blending of the
tradition
and
the
popular
styles of the
times (Vigil 2014,p.23) Nueva Cancion

.did not only
enhance
political
development
but
also
it
promoted
changes in the
social
set
up. For
example, Nueva Cancion, spread
increasingly throughout the
region. The
early “new
songs” were
depicted as the reaffirmation of the
traditional
culture through music
and
the genre spread
and
became
increasingly politicized and
played an integral
role in building
the
social
movements. The
rise of the
totalitarian
movements
and
governments in South America during the
early 1960s and 1970s led to escalated
political
oppression
and
the
deteriorating of the
social
conditions. The
new
singers
and songwriters took up the Nueva Cancion as a way of expressing
the
collective
struggle in a time
when there was
violent
repression. The
increasingly Nueva Cancion lyrics
went
ahead
and
spoke explicitly to major
issues
such as poverty, democracy, imperialism, human
rights
and
the
religious
freedom. In Chile Parra was
the
driving
force in the
era of the
new
song
whereby
singing
the Chilean folk
songs
marked
the worsening situation in Chile and
also
the worsening situation
and
the
desire
for
freedom of expression. The
parra
kinds by the
name Isabel and Angel and
the Argetine-American by the
name Suni Paz were
instrumental in the
picking up where
the
early Nueva Cancioneros had
left
and
continued to shape
the
political
information (Clarke,2011.p78)

.The
popularity of Nueva Cancion grew throughout the Latin America and
the
lyrics of the
songs
continued to be explicit in depicting
the
political content of the
ruling
dictatorships
and
how
they
continued to take
actions against the
musicians. In Chile immediately after bloody
coup that ensured
deposition of Salvador Allende’s government. The
dictator by the
name Augusto Pinochet managed to outlaw
the playing of many Andean instruments in pursuit of suppressing
the
new
song
movement. Victor Jara was one of the
most
influential
and
popular
artist in the
new
song
movement
who
was a great
martyr
and
was tortured and
ultimately
killed at the
Natinal Stadium in Santiago immediately after the
coup. Popular
ensembles Quilapayun and
the Inti-illimani
were
forced to leave Chile and
they
remained in exile
for
approximately 15 years. Though
many of the Nueva Cancioners faced
political
censorship
and
oppression, the
movement
continued to grow
and
developed
new
artists
using
the Nuea Cancion as the
main
means of resistance(Clarke 2011p.45)

.MigrationandNuevaCancion

The Nnueva Cancion managed to gain
popularity in different
countries and
this can be attributed to migration of individuals
who
carry along that
information
for
the
purpose of diversifying their culture
and ideological views. The
song
gained
popularity
mostly in areas
such as Argentina, Chile and Uruguay and
it
was
appealing
for
music
that
was
popular
means of protest
and
it
spurred
positive
change in other
regions of Latin as well. The
poetic
artistry of such
lyrics
and
the
foundation of the
music in the
rural
cultures
have
prompted
many
people to view
the
new
song as new
song
movement which is a genuine
form
and
that which is giving
voice to the
community.

The
style that was
adopted
reflected
the
diverse
political
and
the
social
climates of the
many Latin regions. The
poetic
artistry of such
lyrics
and
the
foundation of music in the
rural
cultures
prompted
many
people to view
the
song as a way of airing out their grievances. The
style
adapted
reflected
the
diversity of social
and
political
climates of the
many Latin American more
especially
the Caribbean. In each
and
every
variation, of the
song
the
traditional
aspect
and emphasising remains and that makes
it
clear
for
the
individuals
that
it
belongs to that
particular ethnic group. The
growth of the
songs in Cuba and Argentina was
marked with radical
changes in politics and
that
meant
ultimate
change of that
given
culture(Madrid 2013.p23)

.The
political
repression
and
dictatorship
that
was
experienced in the
regions of Chile forced
artists
and
professionals to flee
and
seek
asylum in other
countries
such as Europe, Canada and
even
united
states. The activist musicians
such as Rafael Manriquez and Quique Cruz also
formed
the
group in an attempt to introduce
the Chilean Nueva
Cancion to the Bay areas. Musicians
who
honed
the
poetic
and
musical
talents at the
café concerts or
the
Penas of the
native Chile and
they
established a La Pena, a community
arts centre located

in Berkeley California(Madrid 2013,p24).Commoditization and Nueva Cancion Commoditization

refers to the
transformation of the
goods
and
services as well as the
ideas
and
other
entities that are considered as goods. Marxist understanding of the
commodity is usually
distinct from the
meaning of the
commodity in the mainstream of the
business
theory. Nueva Cancion has been commoditized and
many
artists
have
benefitted from the
songs through singing
and
selling
the
albums. The
artists
who
sing
such
songs
usually
earn their living through singing. They may be called during the
political
rallies
and
perform and through that
they
song
have
reached, such
artists
have
become
millionaires
hence
proving
the
art of singing as a career itself. Moreover, the
songs
have
been commercially accepted and content have
also
changed
even
including
the
contemporary
issues. Through that, the
songs
have
been
accepted as the
formal
way through which people
address
the burning issues in the
society
and
also
entertain

themselves(Madrid 2013,p 56).Globalisation and Nuea Cancion
Globalization is
the
process
whereby
the
international
integration
is enhanced through interchange of the
world
views, ideas, and
the
products among other
aspects of culture. Nueva Cancion has influenced globalization in different
ways
and
more
especially through information. The global call on democracy
and
good governance has been
highly
influenced by the
songs
more
especially in Chile and Cuba. Through such
initiatives, the
people
have
managed to air out the
grievances through the
songs
and
that has proved to be a good
way of enhancing good governance and
democracy. These
songs
have not only
been
sung in Chile alone
but
also in other
countries
that
fight
for
the
same
thing. Though not similar
music, but
the
same
ideas
have
been
spreads into different
countries switch have
common
goals
just as the
composers(Napolitano 2005,p 89 )

.Conclusion

In conclusion, it’s evident that Nueva Cancion is a major genre of song that have played a major role in enhancing quality life through speaking out the minds of people and shunning political oppression. It is origin can be traced to Latin America but it has managed to spread to entire globe helping the people to fight for their own rights. Through the song the people have managed to speak out their rights and in the long run condemning the monster of dictatorship. Some of the good cases discussed above are Chile and Cuba where they have played significant role in uniting the people. Nueva Cancion is widely
recognized and
it has played a very
powerful
role in the
social
upheavals, in many
countries
such as Latin America, Portugal and Spain more
specially during the
era of 1970s and
the 1980s. Moreover, the songs have been commoditized making it easy for the people or artists to earn their daily bread on singing and selling the albums.

References

Brill, M. (2011). Music of Latin America and the Caribbean. Boston, MA: Prentice Hall.

Clarke, D. (2011). Music and consciousness:. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Clarke, D. (2011). Music and consciousness: philosophical, psychological, and cultural perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fairley, J., & Frith, S. (2014). Living Politics, Making Music The Writings of Jan Fairley. Farnham: Ashgate Publishing Ltd.

Madrid, A. L. (2013). Music in Mexico: experiencing music, expressing culture. New York: Oxford University Press.

Moore, R. (2001). From the canciOn de protesta to the nueva trova, 1965-85. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 14(2), 177-200.

Napolitano, M. (2005, March 22). Ernesto Donas Y Denise Milstein. Lenguajes, imaginarios y mediaciones en la cancion popular montevideana (1962-99).(Book Review). Latin American Music Review, 2, 14.

Vigil, C. (2014). New Mexican folk music: treasures of a people = Cancionero del folklor Nuevomexicano : el tesoro del pueblo. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.

Vigil, C. (2014). New Mexican folk music: treasures of a people = Cancionero del folklor Nuevomexicano : el tesoro del pueblo. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press.