Affiliation Essay Example

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    Research Proposal
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Background information

The idea of prolonging tomato storage using ethylene scavenger can be put in practice to help in cutting down kitchen costs. The reasons for the idea is the topic are that the subject interests me. I appreciate the subject, it will be more agreeable to use a couple of (or more than a couple of) hours seeking after it. I likewise picked a theme that can be researched. There are a lot of people great thoughts and intriguing subjects that don’t function admirably as examination points. A few points will be excessively cloud or excessively later to have produced much writing that is accessible in the library. Different thoughts may oblige imaginative thinking yet don’t lead to research. (Ananthanarayanan 2005)

Terms of reference and/or objectives

The terms of reference are per the requirements and objectives of the research. They include ways of how to prolong the storage of tomatoes using ethylene scavenger. To come up with cheaper and cost effective methods of preservation, and of even other basic items and coming up with cheaper methods of preserving commodities in the kitchen. The coming up with ethylene as a method of preservation has seen cutting down of costs in preservation by half, and the method has proven to be so friendly to the environment.

Theoretical basis of the research

Ethylene is a natural compound principally utilized as an issue material as a part of the assembling of polyester strands and fabric industry, and polyethylene terephthalate tars (PET) utilized as a part of packaging. A little percent is likewise utilized as a part of modern applications like liquid catalyst plans and other mechanical items. It is an unscented, vapid, syrupy, sweet-tasting fluid. Ethylene glycol is reasonably lethal, with youngsters having been especially at danger on account of its sweet taste until it got to be normal to add biting seasoning to customer liquid catalysts containing it. On the other hand, it is a good preservative that can be used with the other kitchen appliances. (Ananthanarayanan 2005)

Existing knowledge and current research

R1150 is refrigerant evaluation ethylene (ethane), a common, or «not in kind», refrigerantsuitable for utilization in low-temperature refrigeration applications, for example, those found in LNG liquefaction forms. R1150 is non-poisonous, with zero ODP (Ozone Depletion Potential) and low GWP (Global Warming Potential). It is a combustible refrigerant and subsequently not suitable for retrofitting existing fluorocarbon refrigerant frameworks. Ethylene is likewise ordinarily utilized as a part of chilled water cooling frameworks that place either the chiller or air handlers outside or frameworks that must cool underneath the solidifying temperature of water. The innovation is an ethylene scavenger (the e+™). Ethylene is a scentless, dismal gas which, in spite of the fact that can be manmade, is frequently delivered by plants and discharged into the air. On the off chance that uncontrolled, this can prompt a lessening in the post-harvest lifetime of the products of the soil through untimely aging, infection and softening. Bananas, tomatoes, dates, pieces of fruit, melons, peaches, pears and other create all emanate ethylene. And whilst numerous different sorts of produce don’t discharge ethylene, they do display the same reaction when uncovered. (Ananthanarayanan 2005)

Research problems and research hypothesis

I had used some methods in locating the research problem, which are from experience and the source of the problem. The problem issue was on how to deal with highly perishable commodities in the kitchen and how to minimize this. A speculation is a supposition or recommended clarification about how the variables are related. It is a pivotal venture in the investigative system and, consequently, an indispensable part of all exploratory examination. There are no authoritative rules for the creation of new theories. (Aaron 2010)

Choice of research approach and research assumptions

The research assumptions and the choice of research approach on the use of ethylene depended mostly on the data collection and data analysis methods. Inside each one general examination approach, one or numerous information gathering procedures may be utilized. Ordinarily, I will choose for one (or numerous) information gathering systems while thinking of it as’ general propriety to the exploration, alongside other useful components. For example, the expected nature of the gathered information, assessed expenses, anticipated reaction rates, the expected level of measure mistakes, and length of the information accumulation period.

Data requirements including Data measurements

In the research of using ethylene as a preservative, what was imperative to recall is that instrumentation or estimation legitimacy is the basic initial phase in quantitative, positivist examination. On the off chance that your instrumentation is not adequate at an insignificant level, then the discoveries from the study are superbly trivial. I can’t trust or fight that I have inside legitimacy or measurable conclusion legitimacy. People ought to be particularly sharpened into estimation issues therefore. On the off chance that the measures are not sensible, then overlook it! The paper ought to be rejected. There is no logical worth to the work.( Aaron 2010)

Use and value of the research findings

The research will help in the preservation of food in kitchens, supermarkets, and food stores. Food is a standout amongst the most critical components required for human survival. Sadly, most sustenance s has a limited time span of usability and can’t be utilized for long stretches. Most sustenance has a tendency to ruin inside a couple of days. These days numerous producers have begun including chemicals like benzoates and sorbets to expand item time span of usability. These can be destructive when devoured in vast amounts. Luckily, there are numerous routines like refrigeration, solidifying, canning, salting, sanitizing, carbonation, maturation, and illumination that are sheltered and can be utilized to protect sustenance for more periods.

II) Research design method

Data collection methods and techniques

  • Individual interviews

  • Observation

  • Focus groups

  • Action research

Sample and experimental design

The sampling procedures used in using ethylene as a preservative included random sampling, An essential part of outlining an investigation is to know what number of perceptions is expected to make finishes that are of sufficient exactness and with sufficient certainty. We audit what we mean by this announcement. The specimen size required relies on upon loads of things; including what kind of examination is consistently examined how it will be led, assets, and sought affectability and certainty.(Richard 2011)

Data collection details

  • Analysis of information that is being gathered for research

  • Determining the sources of applicable data along with the procedures that utilize or adjust the data

  • Assess the present systems for records management in regard to data integrity, accessibility, and security and also establish opportunities for improving these areas by using restructured software, integration and also process upgrading

Proposed data analysis

  • Describing and summarizing the data.

  • Identifying relationships between variables.

  • Comparing variables. 

  • Identifying the difference between variables.

  • Forecasting outcomes. 

Ethical issues

I had to have the authorization of the individuals who I was contemplating to deal with when carrying out research. I would prefer not to do anything that would result in physical or enthusiastic mischief to my research. Numerous sorts of examination, for example, studies or perceptions, ought to be directed under the supposition that I will keep my discoveries secret. Numerous meetings, then again, are not done under the state of secrecy. I ought to tell my subjects whether my research results will be secret or not.(Richard 2011)

Proposed outline of final research report

  • Research background

  • Research design and method

  • Learning outcomes to be assessed

  • Opportunities for skill development

  • Sources of information and assistance


The purpose of research is to establish the use of ethylene scavenger in prolonging the storage of tomatoes and other perishable commodities in the house. People opt to use cheaper and eco-friendly methods of preservation. This has made my project so useful to them, in the world where we are faced with many options to choose, we often go for those that fit us best. Families faced with problems of acquiring fridges that are costly can now have the benefit of using ethylene, as a cheaper method of preserving tomatoes among other commodities.


Ananthanarayanan (2005) Basic Refrigeration and Air Conditioning. Tata McGraw Hill publishers. New Delhi

Aaron L. Brody, E. P. Strupinsky, Lauri R. Kline (2010). Active Packaging for Food Applications. CRC Press. USA

Richard Coles, Mark J. Kirwan(2011) Food and Beverage Packaging Technology. Wiley-Blackwell publishers. UK