Abstract and the Introduction Essay Example

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    Undergraduate
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3BUILDING SAFETY

Building Safety

Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify building safety technologies and components that maximize the cost effectivness of egress systems in existing and new construction. The immediate focus of a building safety is people movement and human behaviour which are key variables in influencing cost effectiveness of egress systems such as elevators and stairs. Current attention has gone to fire emergencies and stairwell evacuations. The specific objective was to establish guidance, best practices and design that efficiently and accurately predicts human evacuation behavior. The study identified sampled randomly 15 buildings in Central Adelaide that are complete and ongoing. Construction engineers and caretakers responded to questionnaires. Descriptive statistics was used to describe the safety technologies and components incorporated in building. Inferential measures were used to establish the relationship between building safety components and cost effectiveness of egress systems in existing and new construction. The results showed that building components and technologies maximizes cost effectivness of egress systems in existing and new construction. These innovative egress systems in a building can aid in mitigation of building construction fire protection features. Importance of using performance based technologies is largely in maximizing building design flexibility and reducing the cost of installed fire protection.

Introduction

Current attention has gone to fire emergencies and stairwell evacuations with limited attention to technologies and components that best predict movement of people and human behavior. The immediate focus of a building safety is people movement and human behaviour which are key variables in influencing cost effectiveness of egress systems such as elevators and stairs. The aim of this study was to identify building safety technologies and components that maximize the cost effectivness of egress systems in existing and new construction (Reneke et al, 2012). Using the Improved Egress approach, the study explores the relevance of the draft strategic roadmap for mitigating the risk of fire in communities and buildings.

People movement has always influenced evacuation procedures since it is the basis for use, verification and model development including standards and codes. Human behaviour also embodies the vast knowledge outside the fire community which has fundamental effect on building evacuations. When the evacuation behaviors of occupants are determined, it is easier to improve recovery and safety of people sorrounding the building (Robbins, Gwynne, & Kuligowski, 2012). Stair movement in tall buildings is one part of the larger egress challenges. Environmental conditions and human behavior informs the current thinking on the development of a large-scale disaster evacuation system. The specific objective was to establish guidance, best practices and design that efficiently and accurately predicts human evacuation behavior.

The study takes into consideration some assumption that people are aware of safety procedures of a building and can read notices. It also assumes that all the building going beyond three storeys are fitted with external exit routes and fitted with fire extinguishers (Kuligowski & Hoskins, 2011). The building maximized all the provisions for adequate egress systems. The sample was not discriminate in categorizing building with lifts, stairs and external exits. The study was only limited to triggers of emergencies as fire and terrorism and not natural causes like hurricanes and earthquakes.

References

, Fire Protection Research Foundation Technical Report.Elevator Messaging Strategies Kuligowski, E.D., & Hoskins, B.L. (2011).

NIST Technical Note 1722.Simple Estimates of Combined Stairwell / Elevator Egress in Buildings. Reneke, P.A., Tofilo, P., Peacock, R.D., & Hoskins, B.L. (2012).

Technical Report. Proposed General Approach to Fire-Safety Scenarios, Robbins, A.P., Gwynne, S.M.V., & Kuligowski, E.D. (2012).