A Manifesto—Climate Change Essay Example

Climate change: Possible solutions

Introduction

Climate change is such a huge problem and identifying the best remedy for this problem is a challenge to all stakeholders involved and especially scientists (Lowe, et al. 2009). Nonetheless, there are people who argue climate is only natural. Indeed, the enormity of this phenomenon can be dispiriting and daunting. Will recycling waste products, planting trees, or the use of renewable energies be enough to reverse the current situation, or what can an individual or nation do to reverse climate change? These are some of the many questions humanity faces. However, several scientists from around the world have devised possible solutions that should be implemented both at the individual and national level to counter climate change (Biello, 2007). This paper discusses some of the possible methods that the world can employ to combat climate change.

Discussion

The first possible solution to climate change is to forego the use of fossil fuels. This includes abolishing the burning of coal, natural gas and oil (Biello, 2007). In such a way there will be energy conservation as well as cutting on the emission of carbon dioxide and other green house gases. Scientists highlight that carbon dioxide is the largest contributor of climate change and therefore, cutting on the emission of carbon dioxide will help in reducing this phenomenon. Instead, renewable energy sources should be used. These include but not limited solar, wind, bio-fuels and wave energies. These substitutes will help in the reduction of carbon dioxide emission into the atmosphere.

The other possible solution is conducting carbon sequestration (Biello, 2007). This entails trapping carbon dioxide before it is allowed to enter into the atmosphere. This can be done by pumping carbon dioxide into the ocean or into the underground. However, the carbon dioxide can as well be sequestrated by the plants, but as research highlights, carbon dioxide sequestrated by the plants is quickly released into the atmosphere again, which makes this mode inefficient in eliminating carbon dioxide from the atmosphere (Jacobson and Delucchi, 2009). However, as research highlights, trees play a major role in regulating the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere (Biello, 2007).

This makes tree planting another option in combating climate change. Trees basically help in reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere considering the fact that carbon dioxide is considered to be one of the major causes of climate change. Therefore, people as well as organizations can take the active role of planting trees to regulate the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The government can as well introduce strict laws that will restrict people from cutting trees while providing alternative employment opportunities for the unemployed people in the society (Diesendorf, 2007). This based on the fact that the unemployed people spend most of their time burning charcoal to get money for their basic needs. In addition, since most of the people significantly rely on charcoal and firewood as sources of energy, the government can introduce alternative sources of energy at an affordable cost. The general rule of cutting a tree and planting two will as well be effective in encouraging people to plant trees.

Another possible solution to climate change is to conduct awareness programmes educating citizens on the need to curb this phenomenon while providing them with the strategies that could be implemented to attain this goal (Jacobson and Delucchi, 2009). Educating the public about the effects of climate change while highlighting the possible causes, will encourage them to change their harmful practices for the benefit of the general environment. Some of the ways that the public can be engaged in this is through recycling waste at home, being more energy efficient, reducing use of non biodegradable materials, conserving water and reduced use of pesticides among a host of other options.

Climate change can also be controlled by infrastructure upgrade. It is apparent that buildings globally contribute to almost one third of all greenhouse gas emissions (Biello, 2007), with an estimation of 43 % in the United States only. However, Biello (2007) puts forth that investing in thicker insulation amongst other temperature regulating and costs efficient steps may save funds in the long-run. Currently, electric grids are overloaded whilst demand for power continue to go up. Furthermore, bad roads generally lessen the fuel economy regardless of the vehicles efficiency. In order to curb this problem, Biello (2007) explains that countries should invest in new infrastructure, or totally upgrade the existing transmission lines and highways as this will assist in cutting down greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time, improve economic growth especially in developing countries. Moreover, constructing energy effective buildings and applying advanced cement making procedures, for instance employing substitute fuels to initiate the kiln may lessen greenhouse emissions in the developed countries and this may prevent their emission into the developing countries (Biello, 2007). It is postulated that driving vehicles usually accounts for almost 40 percent of greenhouse gas emissions (Ravilious, 2005). According to Ravilious in order to reduce this, low emission cars should be developed. Bio-power and Hybrid cars are at present popular in Sweden and Brazil whilst tight emission laws and congestion charge exemption have made hybrid cars the current fashion in California and London correspondingly. Research also reveals that adopting fuel cells can be a solution to climate change as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles produces fundamentally no carbon (Ravilious, 2005).

Pollution control is another solution that can be used to curtail climate change. Climate change is a worldwide problem which necessitates strong Global Corporation through an international arrangement to cut pollution. Australia is one of the main polluter globally and as such it has a significant role to undertake in cutting pollution (Bahr, par 1). Research indicates that countries like Germany has reduced its pollution by 21 percent while the United Kingdom by 18 percent (Bahr, par.2). Countries should put in place laws and regulations meant to prevent large industries from polluting more, for instance, putting prices on pollution which will offer incentives for companies to invest in clean services and products (Bahr, par.6). In addition companies will reduce on pollution as they will fear paying high pollution fee.

Conclusion

There is no one single solution to combat climate change. In order to reverse the effects of climate change brought about by high concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, a combination of the above suggested remedies should be employed. However, government and industries should be at the forefront at leading the fight against climate change as individuals, though they have shown a lot enthusiasm towards fighting climate change, their actions alone are not enough.

References

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Biello, D. (2007). 10 Solutions for Climate Change: Ten possibilities for starving off

catastrophic climate change. Available at http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=10-solutions-for-climate-change retrieved September 8, 2011.

Diesendorf, M. (2007). Greenhouse Solutions with Sustainable Energy, New York: UNSW

Jacobson, M.Z.; Delucchi, M.A. (2009). «A Plan to Power 100 Percent of the Planet with

Renewables» (originally published as «A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030″)». Scientific American
301 (5): 58–65.

Lowe, J. A.; Huntingford, C.; Raper, S. C. B.; Jones, C. D.; Liddicoat, S. K.; Gohar, L. K.

(2009). «How difficult is it to recover from dangerous levels of global warming?». Environmental Research Letters
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Ravilious, K. (2005). Environment: solutions. Available at

http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2005/jun/30/climatechange.climatechangeenvironment9 retrieved September 8, 2011.