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Тhrеаtеnеd Sресiеs Соnsеrvаtiоn Асt 1995 Essay Example

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    Other
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    Essay
  • Level:
    Undergraduate
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ТHRЕАTЕNЕD SРЕСIЕS СОNSЕRVАTIОN АСT 1995

New South Wales (NSW) plays host to numerous unique flora and fauna. According to the NSW Scientific Committee (2013), NSW is home to about 968 species of both animals and plants such as the koala and Wollemi pine, many unique to Australia, which face the serious threat of extinction. Worse still, NSW ecological systems face the same threat. NSW Government (2013) identifies the propagators of this threat as weeds such as the lantana, numerous fungal and viral diseases, feral animals, and loss of habitat. According to NSW Legislation (2013), the government introduced the “Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995” to prevent the extinction of endangered species and promote their recovery, while at the same time protecting their natural habitat.

This law will affect the lives of the people of NSW in several ways. As human population grows, the demand for amenities such as housing continues to put pressure on the environment. Housing demands more land, so naturally human being will displace animals and wild vegetation in order to acquire new homes. Some of the key threatening processes according to NSW Government (2013) include clearing of native vegetation and removal of bush rock. Homeowners collect and use bush rock for fencing, gardens, landscaping, and so on, effectively destroying the natural habitat of lizards, snakes, centipedes, and so on. If it remains unchecked, it would result to ecological disasters. The “Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995” now outlaws such activity imposing hefty fines on offenders. For example, NSW Government (2013) informs that removal or damage of bush rock attracts a fine of up to $11,000 or even a jail term. That will deter residents of NSW from venturing into protected areas and engaging in destructive activity. Residents will have to find alternatives to their building materials too.

Some specific human economic activities will put the residents of NSW in direct conflict with this act. The key threatening processes in this aspect include the growing populations of dominant feral animals and insects. According to NSW Government (2013), domesticated bees escape into the wild from commercial honeybee farming projects. In the wild, they form large colonies living in tree hollows thus denying other animals such as birds and mammals shelter and breeding space. Domesticated commercial pigs that escape into the wild, or owners release into the wild, have contributed to the increase in population of the predatory feral pigs. NSW Government (2013) while quoting (Hone 2002) informs feral pigs degrade the environment by wallowing and rooting, effectively decimating reptiles, natives birds, earthworms, and so on. Again, feral goats damage rainforests and damage aboriginal sites.

These feral animals, including cats, also transmit animal diseases. NSW residents who engage in such economic activity will have to contend with a raft of measures instituted by the government in the implementation of the 1995 act, the National Threat Abatement plan (NSW Government, 2013) and disease-control strategies and statutes. Such government initiates usually lead to higher costs for the NSW farmers and fines for those who contravene such laws. There is the possibility that in the future, the domestication of some animals such as cats will require registration or licensing, or both. The law will also mean loss of business for traders who sell pets such as the orange-bellied parrots which is now a protected bird according to NSW Scientific Committee (2013). According to NSW Legislation (2013), there will be occasions where the government may issue a license authorizing the person to carry out an outlawed activity, such as collection of artifacts for cultural practice. The license will include payment of a fee.

Should the government seek to control how farmers engage in some activities such as bee keeping in an attempt to control feral bees, some health products such as honey will definitely increase in prices. Equally, some health products such as fish oil, whale meat, and so on will become scarce because the NSW Scientific Committee (2013. p.7) lists some marine mammals such as the blue whale, and the southern white whale as protected marine life. Probably these increases in products for domestic use in NSW will translate to harder times for traders. Business such as health shops may suffer lowered sales, probably even leading to staff layoffs.

References

NSW Government. (2013a). NSW Threatened Species. Environment and Heritage. Retrieved
August 19, 2013, from http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/threatenedspecies/

NSW Government. (2013b). List of Key Threatening Processes. Environment and Heritage.
Retrieved August 19, 2013, from

http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/threatenedspecies/KeyThreateningProcessesByDoctype.htm

NSW Government. (2013c). What is a Key Threatening Process? Environment and Heritage.
Retrieved August 19, 2013, from
http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/threatenedspecies/aboutKTPSinNSW.htm

NSW Legislation. (2013). Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 No 101. New South Wales
Government. Retrieved August 19, 2013, from
http://www.legislation.nsw.gov.au/maintop/view/inforce/act+101+1995+cd+0+N

NSW Scientific Committee. (2013, May 31). Threatened Species Conservation Act Schedule 1, 2
and 3.
Retrieved August 19, 2013, from

http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/threatenedspecies/TS20130531.pdf