СRIТIСАL RЕFLЕСТION ON JOURNALS Essay Example

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3CRITICAL REFLECTION OF JOURNALS

СRIТIСАL RЕFLЕСТION ON JOURNALS

СRIТIСАL RЕFLЕСТION ON JOURNALS

A research process consists of several steps, whereby first the researcher focuses on the research topic, formulating data collection, conducting and analyzes. Different social scholars have carried out different studies regarding the research process. As such, some of the well-known scholars have presented studies that relate to a successful research process. Therefore, this paper focuses on presenting a review on some of the articles by different scholars relating to the subject of the research process.

Conceptualization, Operationalization and Measurement. In The Basics of Social Research.

To begin with, Early Babbie one of the well-known social scientists believes that anything that is tangible or real can be measured. As a sociologist scientist, he further claims that anything that is measured can only be achieved through two interrelated processes of operationalization and conceptualization1. According to his research, Babbie indicates that conceptualization and operationalization are timely connected. Therefore, in his article the social scientist tried to bring the connection between measurement, conceptualization and operationalization in a research process1.

Converging on the research process, the scientist states that conceptualization is the process through which a researcher specify what he/she is using in carrying out the research. According to Babbie, Operationalization is a process that yield unambiguous measures. Focusing on the research process, Babbie believed that Operationalization is the process that makes the variables in research to be measurable so that their connection can be empirically reviewed1.

The Purposes, Practices, and Principles of Auto-ethnographic Research

Furthermore, in the article The Purpose, Practices, and Principles of Auto-ethnographic, Ellis and Adams believes that when one is carrying out a research he/she should consult personal experience as it’s the main source of knowledge in a research process2. The scholars defined auto-ethnography as the research methods that associate the autobiographical and individual to the social factors, cultural and political factors. Moreover, in the article, the scientists discusses that a research process concerning a certain project starts with the application of four ways. First, the scholars’ claims that research process begins with a personal struggle, then the researcher applies common experience, in particular from complications that one faces while carrying out the field work2. Lastly, the scientists believe a successful research is conducted with the objective of adding more information to the existing studies.

Pynchon’s Postmodernism

On the other hand, McHale the author of the article Pynchon’s Postmodernism indicates that social research is a process that requires one to implement several process so as to ensure the success of the study. In his article, McHale state that for the research process to be unambiguous, the researcher should go through several steps3. As such, one should first identify the research subject, collect the relevant data, and carry out an analysis of the information collected. Lastly, the scholar claims that for an explicit research process one should process the data collected and complete the research. In this context, the scholar tries to show how each step is important to the researcher in carrying the task of research in hand.

The Ethnographic Interview

Besides, more studies conducted on this subject of research process shows that a clear research process is presented through the development of research sequence. For instance, in the article The Ethnographic Interview, Spradley believes that ethnographic questions help a researcher to achieve the intended objectives of carrying a certain research4. In his study, Spradley stated that for a researcher to receive an informant response from the respondent, an interview is necessary. As such, ethnographic interview allows the researcher to explain the questions in a study in a more undebatable manner4. Also, the scholars claim that ethnographic interview is necessary as the researcher can collect a sample of an ongoing research.

The Elements of Reasoning

Munson & Andrew has further touched on this topic of the research process by describing the way a clear writing should be conveyed by a researcher. In their book, The Element of Reasoning, the scholars claim that for a researcher to construct a clear argument, one should ensure that the research process poses the theoretical tools that will make the research sound understandable5. To a better understanding, the scholars claim that a research process should be well transcribed with clear features such that the research study is concise and easy to read, and the research should present a casual and analogical reasoning of the researcher.

The Importance of the Internet for Journalism Studies

Finally, various studies of the research that have been carried out by journalists show that incorporating the internet materials together with the research process is vital to the researcher6. Focusing on the article by Machill and Belier, it clearly indicated that when one combines the research process with the online materials, the researcher becomes competence in his/her work6. The scholars refer the internet as the search machine, as the researcher gain excessive information regarding the work he/she is carrying out.

Bibliography

Babbie, E. Chapter 5: Conceptualization, Operationalisation and Measurement. In The Basics of Social Research. Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 128-166. 2011.

Ellis, C. and Adams, T. E. The Purposes, Practices, and Principles of Autoethnographic Research. In The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research. Edited by P. Leavy. New York: Oxford University Press, 254-276. 2014.

Machill, Marcel, and Markus Beiler. ‘THE IMPORTANCE OF THE INTERNET FOR JOURNALISTIC RESEARCH’. Journalism Studies 10, no. 2, 178-203. 2009

McHale, B. Pynchon’s Postmodernism. In The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Pynchon. Edited by I.H. Dalsgaard, L. Herman and B. McHale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 97-111. 2012.

Munson, Ronald, Andrew G Black, and David Conway. The Elements Of Reasoning. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson, 2007.

Spradley, J.P. Interviewing an Informant. In The Ethnographic Interview. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 55-68. 1979

1Babbie, E. Chapter 5: Conceptualization, Operationalisation and Measurement. In The Basics of Social Research. Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 128-166. 2011.

2Ellis, C. and Adams, T. E.. The Purposes, Practices, and Principles of Autoethnographic Research. In The Oxford Handbook of Qualitative Research. Edited by P. Leavy. New York: Oxford University Press, 254-276. 2014.

3McHale, B.. Pynchon’s Postmodernism. In The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Pynchon. Edited by I.H. Dalsgaard, L. Herman and B. McHale. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 97-111. 2012.

4Spradley, J.P. Interviewing an Informant. In The Ethnographic Interview. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 55-68. 1979

5Munson, Ronald, Andrew G Black, and David Conway. The Elements Of Reasoning. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson, 2007.

6Machill, Marcel, and Markus Beiler. ‘THE IMPORTANCE OF THE INTERNET FOR JOURNALISTIC RESEARCH’. Journalism Studies 10, no. 2, 178-203. 2009