Control system and monitoring within engineering and the role of the health and safety executive

Permit to work system: Electric arc welding of a metal support bracket to a metal office dividing wall

The intensity of the arc and how this may affect personnel in the vicinity

The intensity of the arc is likely to be very high to the extent that it can cause damage to one’s eyes because of the weld spatter penetrating through the helmet. The intensity associated with ultraviolet produced during the gas metal-arc welding might range from 5-30 times brighter when welding is not done with covered electrodes. The intensity may cause eye damage to the personnel in the vicinity because the rays from the arc lead to serious burns.

Shielding or scheduling the task outside normal hours

It is necessary for one to wear face shields where necessary to protect the eyes. Also, the welder need to wear safety glasses and chippers. The grinders have to use face shields and some safety glasses. Wearing tinted safety glasses having side shields are required when the welder is grinding or chipping.

Checking and possible removal of combustibles from the vicinity, fire prevention

The welders need to check the possible combustible materials in the locality that might be exposed to sparks and remove them. It is necessary to have fire watchers having fire extinguisher equipment close and ready to use. All the fire hazards must be removed and kept in a safe place when welding to prevent an attack from slag, sparks, and molten metal.

Additional personnel and equipment that might be needed

The welder and those working in the welding site needs protective clothing such as leather apron, sleeves, glove, cape and bib, leg apron, coat, which are dry. One should wear fire resistant material, leather skull caps worn under the helmets for protection of head burns. One should use hard hats or head protectors, ear protection, and steel-toed boots.

Selection of adequate PPE

Adequate PPE should be selected depending on its level of protection and provide suitable working environment.

Work cited

Standard for fire prevention in use of cutting and welding processes, NFPA Standard 51B, 1862; https://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=STANDARDS&p_id=9853

Welding; General safety precautions; http://www.arcraftplasma.com/welding/weldingdata/generalsafety.htm

Cutting a piece of timber using a bench mounted electric circular saw: Safe system of work

Training under normal and emergency situations

When cutting a piece of timber using a bench mounted electric circular saw, it is always necessary to have adequate knowledge. There is the need for the one using the bench mounted electric circular saw to cut a piece of timber to be taken through induction and continuation training. This training would be offered to the operators of the machine, managers, and supervisors. The training need to include the identification and usage of the appropriate machine for a particular task associated with cutting of a piece of timber. Familiarity with machine operation and controls is also necessary. All the operators should have adequate training on how to operate and control the machine, as well as its starting and stopping routines. One should have knowledge and experience associated with risk assessment, fitting of appropriate top guards and riving knives to the circular saw benches, operation of a braking device, and setting of saw blades (Safeguarding of workers Regulations, 1967). One also needs knowledge concerning the measurement of the saw blade diameter.

Safe operation of equipment and selection and safe use of PPE

For safe operation of the machine it is important to apply the above identified knowledge. There should be a selection of suitable and safe PPE to use. When removing some cut piece, it is necessary for the operator to use a push stick. To prevent contact with a saw blade, one should use power feed. There should also be conduct of safe ripping and cross cutting. The operator needs devices and garments to safeguard against harmful effects of dangerous substances and injuries. The PPE should be suitable to protect operator’s body parts, respiratory tracts, hearing, and eyes. One should have PPE such as; respirators, hard hats, earplugs and earmuffs, chemical resistant and particulate-resistant overalls, safety goggles, glasses, and face shields, low-back supports, gloves, steel-shanked and steel-toed safety shoes, as well as padded kickback aprons, leg, groin, arm guards, and vests.

Work cited

The safe use of woodworking machinery; https://www.gov.je/SiteCollectionDocuments/Government%20and%20administration/C%20WoodworkingACoPFeb2010%20LM.pdf

HSE, Circular Saw Benches- Safe Working Practices; http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/wis16.pdf

OSHA; Guide for protecting workers from woodworking hazards; https://www.osha.gov/Publications/woodworking_hazards/osha3157.html

HSE; http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/Legislation-and-policy/Workplace-Health-and-Safety/health-safety-legislation#HSE

Monitoring activities at the workplace

At the workplace, the monitoring activities conducted include; the application of routine measurements to realize changes at the place of work. The company health and safety department is mandated with the task of observing the relevant environmental issues that might affect workers’ health and influence their safety. There is monitoring of machines equipment, and activities capable of producing different types of noise. The station for monitoring activities is placed in a strategic location that enhances the collection of the required information. The personnel in the department are supplied with a number of sensors, the basic noise map and traffic model for generation of maps occasionally as per the different noise levels. There is a system to identify the source of noise and measurement of the noise impact. There are sound measuring devices measuring frequency and time segmentation of the sound. The noise monitoring system also records weather. There is also the light sensor to measure the amount of light from a certain light producing device, The UV, and temperature sensors are light, put inside the buildings, and they record weather changes at different times. In the company, the light, noise, humidity, and temperature sensors are installed in a manner that only the responsible personnel can operate theme. The sensors help in recognition of the potential hazards at the place of work. After the collection of information from the sensors, there is the conduct of recording of the information and reviewing of the recurring results especially for inappropriate results to enhance taking of the right measures.

Work cited

Work Health and Safety Act (WHS) 2011, https://www.worksafe.qld.gov.au/laws-and-compliance/workplace-health-and-safety-laws/laws-and-legislation/work-health-and-safety-act-2011

Physical hazards: https://www.comcare.gov.au/preventing/hazards/physical_hazards

Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999 http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/Legislation-and-policy/Workplace-Health-and-Safety/health-safety-legislation#management

Workplace (Health, Safety, and Welfare) Regulations 1992 http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/Legislation-and-policy/Workplace-Health-and-Safety/health-safety-legislation#workplace

The role of the HSE inspectorate to include;

The HSE inspector is responsible for offering protection to people through ensuring that risks at the workplace are efficiently controlled.

The HSE inspectorate has authority over the local businesses, organizations, and institutions in the area of operation. Given that businesses have a right of inspection, the HSE inspectorate works towards enforcement of laws, policy and powers. The inspectorate has the right to entering any business premises any time and investigates if people are at risk and find out if something has gone wrong in a place of work. It is the right of the inspector to talk with the employees, as well as the safety representatives and apply authority to aid fulfillment of their roles. He/she requires the employer and managers to take the right action of controlling risk as per the health and safety law. One has the right to any document that might help in the investigation. The HSE inspectorate interacts with other agencies and territories for the improvement of workplace health and safety measures.

Hydrocarbon release database;

In company X, workers are exposed to hydrocarbon in the place of work. This shows a breach of workplace health and safety legislation. The workers remain at risk of respiratory system complication development. The company should provide workers the efficient tools, garments, and devices to prevent inhalation of the hydrocarbon.

Work cited

HSE; Inspector and the law; http://www.hse.gov.uk/toolbox/managing/law.htm

Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 http://www.healthyworkinglives.com/advice/Legislation-and-policy/Workplace-Health-and-Safety/health-safety-legislation#health

HSE Laws and Regulations; https://www.scribd.com/doc/42989748/HSE-Laws-and-Regulations