Control systems and role of health and safety executive

Welding processes using electricity pose obvious and subtle hazards of electric shock that can be fatal. Standard precautions have to be taken in the use of welding equipment and expert assistance is required in identifying subtle hazards. The selection of equipment, set-up as well as maintenance is important and may need specialist advice in ensuring safety (Sliney & Mellerio, 2013).

Compressed gases in cylinders pose hazards and have to be handled with care following all safety procedures. The operator has to be protected from the intensity of the arc.

Inert gases applied during welding can flood a place and reduce oxygen content especially in confined spaces. The metal support bracket is dividing two walls hence poses a great risk of suffocation to people. Precaution has to be taken to avoid eye and skin exposure through wearing protective devices.

In order to avoid incidents it will be important to schedule the task outside normal working hours for safety of other people. Combustibles have to be removed from vicinity to avoid fire and fire extinguishers have to be within reach. It is important to raise alarm in case of any incidents for evacuation and protecting other people (Quinlanl, Bohle & Felicity 2010).

The information that will be included in the Permit to Work form will include the location of the work, type of work to be performed, tools that will be used and safety measures and precaution to be undertaken. It will be important to include the duration of the work.

Circular saw benches are machines that cause most of the woodworking accidents. Some incidents lead to amputation of fingers. These accidents could be avoided by having saw guard that is correctly adjusted and using a push-stick. There must be adequate and proper training for the operator before commencing work.

According to HSE Risk Assessment BS41 163: 2007 it is a must that properly trained and authorized operators are authorized to use the circular saw. Risk evaluation has to be carried out covering all uses and operations at the circular saw bench. The risk evaluation has to identify the action required to eliminate or control risk factors. Suitable top guards as well as riving knives have to be fitted to circular saw benches (Quinlanl, Bohle & Felicity 2010). Machines have to be fully enclosed beneath the table. In order to reduce the risk of contact with the saw blade during operation, machines have to be fitted with a braking device that brings the blade to rest at 10 seconds. Badly ground and badly set saw blades do produce poor quality work.

Large workpieces have to be supported by use of extension tables at both outfeed and infeed ends. Sufficient general ventilation has to be provided in the place of work. Accumulation of wood dust may cause fire hazard. Saw benches have to be fitted with local exhaust ventilation both below and above the table to control wood dust. Safe use of woodworking machinery is underlined in the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998.

The most effective as well as reliable way of preventing and controlling noise at the workplace is reducing the sources of noise and eliminating the hazard at all cost. Measures that are taken include job rotation to avoid an individual being in a noisy environment for a long time. This helps to eliminate the chances of him developing hearing problems in future. Employees exposed to noise are required to put on hearing protectors (Klangos 2013). The management makes sure that the limits for occupational noise exposure are not exceeded hence putting the health of the workers first. The workplace health and safety policy adheres to the industry standards. Noise at the place of work can interfere with communications and make it harder to hear warnings. It can also reduce the awareness of people to their surroundings. Such issues can lead to safety risks hence putting people at risk. Noise Regulations require elimination or reduction of risks from noise. Measuring noise levels at work is a routine function that ensures that the set standards are adhered to. Risk evaluation is at the core of the assessing team to avoid accidents.

Temperature at the workplace is monitored by ensuring that the industry standards of exposure are observed and workers wear protective gears to avoid accidents. The management has to protect workers from recognized serious hazards within the workplace including heat-related hazards. Job rotation is also considered to avoid hazardous exposure to heat. Employees have to look out for heat exhaustion signs and symptoms that include vertigo, headache, giddiness, weakness and thirst (Hughes & Ferrett 2015). The company ensures that the working place is well lighted to avoid incidents and gives the workers the liberty to raise issues concerning lighting levels. The lighting levels have to be adequate. The Health and Safety Employment Act 1992 (HSE Act) compels employers to manage their safety and health hazards. Airborne debris has to be collected and disposed in a safe environment. Employers have to wear protective gears to avoid injury. All other hazards have to meet the recommended levels specified by the relevant authorities.

Role of HSE Inspectorate

Health and Safety laws in the workplace are enforced by HSE inspectorate or other officers from the local authority. The role of the inspectorate is investigating any accidents that have happened and whether people are at risk to establish the cause. The inspectorate takes action to control risks if the organization is complying with the law (Quinlanl, Bohle & Felicity 2010). The HSE inspectorate takes suitable enforcement action in case of non-compliance. The inspectorate also provides guidance and advice to help businesses to comply with the law and avoid injuries or health related problems due to the environment.

The HSE inspectorate can visit and organization to evaluate the arrangement put in place for assessment and control of risks from work-related incidents. A previous vision of a HSE inspectorate at the workplace discovered absence of tools to measure noise pollution. The Inspectorate left with a strong warning to management to purchase the necessary tools. The tools were duly installed the following week to avoid another confrontation with the authority. The inspectorate has a right to enter the workplace at any time and assess the preparedness of the company to any risk. HSE inspectorate plays an important role in ensuring compliance to the set standards in case of any hazards (Klangos 2013).The authority of HSE Inspectorate is enormous and their role in ensuring compliance is huge. The HSE inspectorate work closely with other agencies to ensure the health and safety regulations are adhered to. HSE inspectorate can gain entry in the place of work or suspected workplace at any time and without prior notice in order to exercise their powers.


Hughes Phil and Ferrett, Ed, “Introduction to Health and Safety in Construction: For the NEBOSH National Certificate in Construction Health and Safety”, Routledge, 2015.

Klangos, Charles. «System and method for weld removal, cutting, and gouging with vacuum removal of byproducts.» U.S. Patent No. 8,592,710. 26 Nov. 2013.

Quinlan, Michael, Philip Bohle, and Felicity Lamm. Managing occupational health and safety. Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Sliney, David H., and J. Mellerio. Safety with lasers and other optical sources: a comprehensive handbook. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.